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In a retrospective study the records of 447 boys (median age 5 y, age range 2 wk to 12 y) undergoing orchidopexy in a university hospital paediatric surgical department over a 2-y period were analysed for epidemiological factors related to disturbed testicular descent by comparison with the notes of an equal number of otherwise healthy male trauma patients(More)
OBJECTIVE A preterm infant with a birth weight of 384 g who succumbed to vigorous resuscitation for sudden respiratory failure on the third day of life is presented. Postmortem examination revealed, apart from extensive pulmonary hemorrhage, a fatal amount of air mainly in the right ventricle. We believe that this air had been introduced via peripheral(More)
OBJECTIVE The accuracy of fetal ultrasound (US) in diagnosing central nervous system (CNS) malformations was assessed with the aim to define in which cases US is reliable enough to assist in decisions on medical indication for abortions without resorting to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN Retrospective analysis of the course of 69 fetuses with(More)
UNLABELLED Erythema necrolyticum migrans (ENM) usually presents as a cutaneous paraneoplastic phenomenon which is in most cases associated with a glucagon-producing tumour. Here it is for the first time described as a side-effect of glucagon treatment in persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia of infancy (PHHI). In both patients, the skin lesions(More)
UNLABELLED A retrospective analysis of 218 bunk-bed accidents and a random sample survey with 991 family interviews were performed in order to establish guidelines for bunk-bed accident prevention. Falls from the top bed during sleep (35.1%) or while playing (34.4%) and falling off the ladder (23.2%) are the leading causes of bunk-bed accidents. Of the 218(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic lung disease caused by volutrauma is one of the most important consequences of preterm delivery. In this pilot study a new method is presented that consists of flushing part of the dead space with fresh gas in order to reduce high tidal volumes, the chief cause of volutrauma. The aim of the study was to evaluate if the new method could(More)
OBJECTIVE Volutrauma caused by high tidal volumes contributes considerably to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Yet high tidal volumes are required to overcome dead space. In an experimental arrangement we tested whether reduction of dead space might reduce ventilation requirements and thus reduce volutrauma in preterm infants. MATERIALS AND(More)