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Fragment-based lead generation has led to the discovery of a novel series of cyclic amidine-based inhibitors of beta-secretase (BACE-1). Initial fragment hits with an isocytosine core having millimolar potency were identified via NMR affinity screening. Structure-guided evolution of these fragments using X-ray crystallography together with potency(More)
β-Site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1) is one of the key enzymes involved in the processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and formation of amyloid β peptide (Aβ) species. Because cerebral deposition of Aβ species might be critical for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease, BACE1 has emerged as a key target for the treatment of(More)
The evaluation of a series of aminoisoindoles as β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitors and the discovery of a clinical candidate drug for Alzheimer's disease, (S)-32 (AZD3839), are described. The improvement in permeability properties by the introduction of fluorine adjacent to the amidine moiety, resulting in in vivo brain(More)
Amino-2H-imidazoles are described as a new class of BACE-1 inhibitors for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Synthetic methods, crystal structures, and structure-activity relationships for target activity, permeability, and hERG activity are reported and discussed. Compound (S)-1m was one of the most promising compounds in this report, with high potency(More)
Aβ, the product of APP (amyloid precursor protein), has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). β-Site APP cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1) is the enzyme initiating the processing of the APP to Aβ peptides. Small molecule BACE1 inhibitors are expected to decrease Aβ-peptide generation and thereby reduce amyloid plaque formation in the(More)
The evaluation of a series of bicyclic aminoimidazoles as potent BACE-1 inhibitors is described. The crystal structures of compounds 14 and 23 in complex with BACE-1 reveal hydrogen bond interactions with the protein important for achieving potent inhibition. The optimization of permeability and efflux properties of the compounds is discussed as well as the(More)
In order to find optimal core structures as starting points for lead optimization, a multiparameter lead generation workflow was designed with the goal of finding BACE-1 inhibitors as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease. De novo design of core fragments was connected with three predictive in silico models addressing target affinity, permeability, and hERG(More)
beta-Secretase (BACE) is an aspartyl protease, which proteolytically processes amyloid precursor protein, making BACE an interesting pharmacological target in Alzheimer's disease. To study the enzymatic function of BACE, we mutated either of the two aspartic acid residues in the active site of BACE. This rendered BACE functionally inactive without affecting(More)
Benzothiazole amides were identified as TRPV1 antagonists from high throughput screening using recombinant human TRPV1 receptor and structure-activity relationships were explored to pinpoint key pharmacophore interactions. By increasing aqueous solubility, through the attachment of polar groups to the benzothiazole core, and enhancing metabolic stability,(More)
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