Karin Kaufmann

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The effects of heavy metals and phytoextraction practices on a soil microbial community were studied during 12 months using a hyperaccumulating plant (Thlaspi caerulescens) grown in an artificially contaminated soil. The 16S ribosomal RNA genes of the Bacteria and the beta-Proteobacteria and the amoA gene (encoding the alpha-subunit of ammonia(More)
Continuous (CW) and pulsed light were used for the noninvasive measurement of hemoglobin oxygenation in tissues. A dual wavelength method of continuous illumination spectroscopy used 760 nm (deoxyhemoglobin peak) and 800 nm (an oxyhemoglobin-deoxyhemoglobin isosbestic point) to measure the kinetics and extent of oxyhemoglobin deoxygenation in brains during(More)
Predictions of natural attenuation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the unsaturated zone rely critically on information about microbial biodegradation kinetics. This study aims at determining kinetic rate laws for the aerobic biodegradation of a mixture of 12 volatile petroleum hydrocarbons and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in unsaturated alluvial(More)
This study investigates the influence of petroleum hydrocarbons on a microbial community in the vadose zone under field conditions. An artificial hydrocarbon mixture consisting of volatile and semi-volatile compounds similar to jet-fuel was emplaced in a previously uncontaminated vadose zone in nutrient-poor glacial melt water sand. The experiment included(More)
A transient absorption spectrum has been measured in Rhodopseudomonas spheroides R26 reaction centers. Its salient features indicate that both the bacteriopheophytin and bacteriochlorophyll chromophores play a role in the excited state. Decay of this state yields a rise time for oxidation of the reaction center complex of about 150 picoseconds.
A miniaturized method based on 96-well microtitre plates was developed and used to study respiration in pristine and contaminated soils following addition of volatile substrates. Small soil samples were exposed to fuel components, which were volatilized from spatially separate reservoirs of 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane (HMN) as an organic carrier.(More)
The vapor phase transport and biodegradation of typical fuel compounds including volatile petroleum hydrocarbons and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) was studied in a large scale field lysimeter representing a 2.3 m thick sandy unsaturated zone over a gravel aquifer. A mixture of 13 fuel compounds with MTBE (5%) was placed at a defined depth in the(More)