Karin Jandeleit-Dahm

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Ischemic stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Only one moderately effective therapy exists, albeit with contraindications that exclude 90% of the patients. This medical need contrasts with a high failure rate of more than 1,000 pre-clinical drug candidates for stroke therapies. Thus, there is a need for translatable mechanisms of(More)
Synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the glomerulus and interstitium characterizes renal fibrosis, but the mechanisms underlying this process are incompletely understood. The profibrotic cytokine TGF-β1 modulates the expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs), suggesting that miRNAs may have a role in the pathogenesis of renal(More)
OBJECTIVE Progressive fibrosis in the diabetic kidney is driven and sustained by a diverse range of profibrotic factors. This study examines the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of the key fibrotic mediators, TGF-β1 and TGF-β2. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Rat proximal-tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E) were treated with TGF-β1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a major complication of diabetes, but the mechanisms by which diabetes promotes macrovascular disease have not been fully delineated. Although several animal studies have demonstrated that inhibition of ACE results in a decrease in the development of atherosclerotic lesions, information about the potential benefits of these(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the kidney is driven by profibrotic mediators including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). We investigated whether some of their effects may be mediated through changes in expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Diabetes is commonly associated with both microvascular and macrovascular complications. These vascular complications are accelerated in the context of systemic hypertension. During the past few years the underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for diabetic vascular complications have begun to be clarified. It appears that both metabolic and hemodynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in diabetic vasculature is considered to be a key mediator of atherogenesis. This study examines the effects of deletion of RAGE on the development of atherosclerosis in the diabetic apoE(-/-) model of accelerated atherosclerosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS ApoE(-/-) and(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are now recognized as chronic pro-inflammatory diseases. In the last decade, the role of the macrophage in particular has become increasingly implicated in their pathogenesis. Abundant literature now establishes that monocytes get recruited to peripheral tissues (i.e., pancreas, liver, and adipose tissue) to become resident(More)
In the diabetic kidney, clinical as well as experimental observations have shown an upregulation of growth factors such as PDGF. These studies, however, were not designed to address whether upregulation of PDGF is merely a manifestation of diabetic renal injury or whether PDGF plays an active role in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy. The(More)
Supplementary Figure 1: Relative expression levels of miR-192 and miR-215 in proximal tubular cells (NRK52E), mouse primary mesangial cells (MCs) and conditionally immortalised human podocytes. The level of miR-192 shown in each case is relative to miR-215 which has been arbitrarily assigned a value of 1. Supplementary Figure 2: Relative expression levels(More)