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OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance (IR), a reduced physiological response of peripheral tissues to the action of insulin, is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes. We sought to evaluate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, and prevalence of IR among Peruvian adults. METHODS This population based study(More)
BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) concentrations have been recently reported to be elevated in impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no study has examined the association between HO-1 concentrations and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS In a case-control study, nested within a prospective cohort of pregnant(More)
BACKGROUND Antepartum depression is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in the prenatal period. There is accumulating evidence for the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathophysiology of depression. The present study examines the extent to which maternal early pregnancy serum BDNF levels are associated with(More)
Mitochondrial biogenesis and adequate energy production are important for embryogenesis and placentation. Previous studies documented alterations in maternal blood mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number—a marker of mitochondrial dysfunction—in pregnancies complicated by placental abruption. To further understand the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the(More)
AIMS We investigated associations of serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We also examined whether pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status or leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) modify these associations. METHODS In a nested case-control study (173 GDM cases and 187 controls) among participants of a(More)
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