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The tprK gene sequence of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum (T. pallidum) is heterogeneous within and among isolates. Heterogeneity in the tprK open reading frame is localized in seven discrete variable (V) regions, and variability results from apparent base changes, insertions or deletions. The TprK V regions are the focus of anti-TprK antibodies(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance (IR), a reduced physiological response of peripheral tissues to the action of insulin, is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes. We sought to evaluate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, and prevalence of IR among Peruvian adults. METHODS This population based study(More)
Oxidative stress and impaired placental function - pathways implicated in the pathogenesis of placental abruption - have their origins extending to mitochondrial dysfunction. To the best of our knowledge, there are no published reports of associations of placental abruption with circulating mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number - a novel biomarker of(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence documents the initiation of diverse physiologic and biochemical responses subsequent to an oral glucose load. OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the extent to which acute hyperglycemia, resulting from a 50-gram glucose load, contributes to changes in maternal plasma concentrations of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), a(More)
BACKGROUND Antepartum depression is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in the prenatal period. There is accumulating evidence for the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathophysiology of depression. The present study examines the extent to which maternal early pregnancy serum BDNF levels are associated with(More)
Variation in the expression of the different Tpr proteins in the syphilis spirochete, Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum, may have important implications in its ability to evade host immune detection and cause persistent infection. In the present study we examined the pattern of antibody responsiveness to different Tpr members during infection with three(More)
Treponema paraluiscuniculi, the etiologic agent of rabbit venereal syphilis, is morphologically indistinguishable from Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (T. pallidum), the human syphilis treponeme, and induces similar immune responses and histopathologic changes in the infected host. Because of their high degree of relatedness, comparative studies are(More)
The tpr gene family of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis, has recently become the focus of intensive investigation. TprF and TprI sequences are highly conserved among different isolates and are the targets of strong humoral and cellular immune responses of the host, and immunization with a recombinant peptide from the amino(More)
AIMS We investigated associations of serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We also examined whether pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status or leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) modify these associations. METHODS In a nested case-control study (173 GDM cases and 187 controls) among participants of a(More)
Treponema pallidum includes three subspecies of antigenically highly related treponemes. These organisms cause clinically distinct diseases and cannot be distinguished by any existing test. In this report, genetic signatures are identified in two tpr genes which, in combination with the previously published signature in the 5' flanking region of the tpp15(More)