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In virtually all current natural-language dialog systems, users can only refer to objects by using linguistic descriptions. However , in human face-to-face conversation, participants fre= quently use various sorts of deictic gestures as well. In this paper, we will present the referent identification component of XTRA, a system for a natural-language access(More)
Ambiguous keyboards provide efficient typing with low motor demands. In our project l concerning the development of a communication aid, we emphasize adaptation with respect to the sensory input. At the same time, we wish to impose individualized language models on the text determination process. UKO–II is an open architecture based on the Emacs text editor(More)
We present a quantitative model of word order and movement constraints that enables a simple and uniform treatment of a seemingly heterogeneous collection of linear order phenomena in English, Dutch and German complement constructions (Wh-extraction, clause union, extraposi-tion, verb clustering, particle movement, etc.). Underlying the scheme are central(More)
Present-day sentence generators are often incapable of producing a wide variety of well-formed elliptical versions of coordinated clauses, in particular, of combined elliptical phenomena (Gapping, Forward and Backward Conjunction Reduction, etc.). The applicability of the various types of clausal coordinate ellipsis (CCE) presupposes detailed comparisons of(More)