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A human hematopoietic cell line (U-937) with exceptional characteristics was derived from a patient with generalized histiocytic lymphoma. The morphology of the cell line was identical to that of the tumor cells in the pleural effusion from which the line was derived. Since Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) carrying diploid lymphoblastoid cell lines unrelated to the(More)
Transfer RNA modification improves the rate of aa-tRNA selection at the A-site and the fitness in the P-site and thereby prevents frameshifting according to a new model how frameshifting occurs [Qian et al. (1998) Mol. Cell 1, 471-482]. Evidence that the presence of various modified nucleosides in tRNA also influences central metabolism, thiamine(More)
The mast cell is one of the major effector cells in inflammatory reactions and can be found in most tissues throughout the body. During inflammation, an increase in the number of mast cells can be seen, e.g., in the intraepithelial cell layer after a provoked allergic reaction. Such accumulation probably requires directed migration of mature mast cells or(More)
The evolution of reading frame maintenance must have been an early event, and presumably preceded the emergence of the three domains Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Features evolved early in reading frame maintenance may still exist in present-day organisms. We show that one such feature may be the modified nucleoside 1-methylguanosine (m(1)G37), which(More)
Multiple myeloma cell lines and patient tumor samples with and without the expression of the classical multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype were investigated in vitro for drug induced cytotoxicity and modulation of drug resistance. Overall there was a good correlation in the cell lines between MDR expression, as measured by immunocytochemistry with(More)
Sixteen research groups participated in the ISOBM TD-4 Workshop in which the reactivity and specificity of 56 monoclonal antibodies against the MUC1 mucin was investigated using a diverse panel of target antigens and MUC1 mucin-related synthetic peptides and glycopeptides. The majority of antibodies (34/56) defined epitopes located within the 20-amino acid(More)
Myeloperoxidase is a leukocyte component able to generate potent microbicidal substances. A homologous invertebrate blood cell protein, peroxinectin, is not only a peroxidase but also a cell adhesion ligand. We demonstrate in this study that human myeloperoxidase also mediates cell adhesion. Both the human myeloid cell line HL-60, when differentiated by(More)
SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells treated by 12-)-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate(TPA) express morphological and biochemical changes, which indicate that differentiation towards more mature cells has occurred. The most prominent morphological changes were the development in 40-60% of the cells of cell-surface projections longer than 50(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of cobalamin/folate supplementation on cognitive function in elderly patients with dementia. METHOD The cobalamin/folate status of the patients was evaluated by measuring plasma homocysteine, serum methylmalonic acid, serum cobalamin and blood folate. Thirty-three patients were studied and repeatedly assessed with the(More)