Karin Fischer

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The biogenic amine octopamine is known to enhance the sensitivity of male moths to their species-specific pheromones in flight-tunnel experiments. This sensitization of pheromone-guided upwind flight is at least partly due to octopamine-dependent increases in the peak nerve impulse frequency of the pheromone response of olfactory receptor neurons. It is not(More)
A characteristic feature of tumors is high production of lactic acid due to enhanced glycolysis. Here, we show a positive correlation between lactate serum levels and tumor burden in cancer patients and examine the influence of lactic acid on immune functions in vitro. Lactic acid suppressed the proliferation and cytokine production of human cytotoxic T(More)
Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1(T) utilized the commercial surfactant linear alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) (20 congeners with C(10) to C(13) side chains) as a carbon and energy source by shortening the side chain, and sulfophenylcarboxylates (SPCs) and similar compounds (e.g., alpha,beta-unsaturated SPCs [SPC-2Hs]) were excreted with quantitative recovery(More)
We present a rapid flow cytometric and non-radioactive functional assay developed for the determination of the cytotoxic activity of T lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and lymphokine-activated killer cells. In contrast to indirect evaluation of cytotoxicity using radioactive assays, this assay is based on the quantitative and qualitative flow cytometric(More)
In extracellular tip recordings from long trichoid sensilla of male Manduca sexta moths, we studied dose-response relationships in response to bombykal stimuli of two different durations in the adapted and the non-adapted state. Bombykal-responsive cells could be distinguished from non-bombykal-sensitive cells in each trichoid sensillum because the(More)
In eukaryotic cells the phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) is restricted to the inner plasma-membrane leaflet. This lipid asymmetry, which is maintained by the concerted action of phospholipid transport proteins, is mainly lost during apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that primary human CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) expose PS on T-cell receptor(More)
Fine and ultrafine particles are probably responsible for numerous health effects, but it is still unclear whether and to what extent the particle itself or organic compounds adsorbed or condensed on the particle are responsible for the effects observed. One important class of particle-bound substances are the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and(More)
1. The source of nutritional resources allocated to reproduction strongly influences reproductive and foraging strategies. While we are beginning to understand the role of adult and larval resources for nectivorous Lepidoptera, essentially nothing is known for the large number of species that feed on fruit as adults. 2. We used stable isotopes to examine(More)
Down-regulation of immune responses by regulatory T (Treg) cells is an important mechanism involved in the induction of tolerance to allo-antigens (Ags). Recently, a novel subset of Ag-specific T-cell receptor (TCR)alpha beta+ CD4(-)CD8- (double-negative [DN]) Treg cells has been found to be able to prevent the rejection of skin and heart allografts by(More)
It has been shown that after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT), donor T cells can induce potent graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effects in hematologic malignancies and possibly solid tumors such as renal cell carcinoma. Two patients (27 and 30 years old) with metastatic melanoma received allogeneic PBSCT from an HLA-identical sibling(More)