Karin Enwall

Learn More
We re-evaluated PCR primers targeting nirS, nirK and nosZ genes for denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis as a tool to survey denitrifying community composition in environmental samples. New primers for both nirS and nosZ were combined with existing primers, while for nirK the previously published F1aCu:R3Cu set was chosen for denaturing electrophoresis.(More)
The objective of this study was to explore the long-term effects of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on activity and composition of the denitrifying and total bacterial communities in arable soil. Soil from the following six treatments was analyzed in an experimental field site established in 1956: cattle manure, sewage sludge, Ca(NO3)2,(More)
Knowing spatial patterns of functional microbial guilds can increase our understanding of the relationships between microbial community ecology and ecosystem functions. Using geostatistical modeling to map spatial patterns, we explored the distribution of the community structure, size, and activity of one functional group in N cycling, the denitrifiers, in(More)
Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and subsequent statistical analysis were compared with assess denitrifier community composition in agricultural soil based on the nosZ gene, encoding the nitrous oxide reductase. Analysis of binary or relative abundance-based metric and semi-metric(More)
The short-term response of induced perturbation by 4-ethylphenol on β-proteobacterial ammonia oxidizers (β-AOB) was investigated in two soils with initial differences in community structure. The hypotheses were that short-term effects of a disturbance of the AOB community is best monitored by specifically looking at the active populations and that soils(More)
Soil microorganisms are key players in biogeochemical cycles. Yet, there is no consistent view on the significance of microbial biodiversity for soil ecosystem functioning. According to the insurance hypothesis, declines in ecosystem functioning due to reduced biodiversity are more likely to occur under fluctuating, extreme or rapidly changing environmental(More)
  • 1