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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether smoking and HLA-DR shared epitope (SE) genes may interact in triggering immune reactions to citrulline-modified proteins. METHODS In a case-control study involving patients with recent-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we studied interactions between a major environmental risk factor (smoking), major susceptibility genes(More)
Antibodies to citrullinated proteins (ACPA), i.e., to peptides posttranslationally modified by the conversion of arginine to citrulline, are specific serological markers for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Studies on anticitrulline immunity, summarized in this review, demonstrate that the criterion-based syndrome RA should be subdivided into at least two(More)
OBJECTIVE To map the antibody response to human citrullinated alpha-enolase, a candidate autoantigen in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to examine cross-reactivity with bacterial enolase. METHODS Serum samples obtained from patients with RA, disease control subjects, and healthy control subjects were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for(More)
A pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) population in southernmost Sweden was studied for eight consecutive breeding seasons by means of bat boxes. Survival rates were calculated using Cormack's stochastic technique. The mean survival rate of adult females exceeded that of territorial males. Annual variations in survival rates were most evident in(More)
Antibodies against citrullinated proteins are highly specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but little is understood about their citrullinated target antigens. We have detected a candidate citrullinated protein by immunoblotting lysates of monocytic and granulocytic HL-60 cells treated with peptidylarginine deiminase. In an initial screen of serum samples(More)
INTRODUCTION In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), several genetic risk factors and smoking are strongly associated with the presence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), while much less is known about risk factors for ACPA-negative RA. Antibodies against carbamylated proteins (anti-CarP) have been described in both ACPA-positive and ACPA-negative RA(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis in the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by analyzing the antibody response to the P gingivalis virulence factor arginine gingipain type B (RgpB) in relation to anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs), smoking, and HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE) alleles in(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is now clearly a true autoimmune disease with accumulating evidence of pathogenic disease-specific autoimmunity to citrullinated proteins. Citrullination, also termed deimination, is a modification of arginine side chains catalyzed by peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) enzymes. This post-translational modification has the potential(More)
Autoantibodies directed against citrulline-containing proteins have an impressive specificity of nearly 100% in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and have been suggested to be involved in the disease pathogenesis. The targeted epitopes are generated by a post-translational modification catalysed by the calcium-dependent enzyme peptidyl arginine deiminase(More)
Gene-environment associations are important in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility, with an association existing between smoking, HLA- DRB1 'shared epitope' alleles, PTPN22 and antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCP). Here, we test the hypothesis that a subset of the anti-CCP response, with specific autoimmunity to citrullinated(More)