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The hereditary hemochromatosis protein HFE promotes the expression of hepcidin, a circulating hormone produced by the liver that inhibits dietary iron absorption and macrophage iron release. HFE mutations are associated with impaired hepatic bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/SMAD signaling for hepcidin production. TMPRSS6, a transmembrane serine protease(More)
Vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPases (V-H(+)-ATPases) are the major H(+)-secreting protein in the distal portion of the nephron and are involved in net H(+) secretion (bicarbonate generation) or H(+) reabsorption (net bicarbonate secretion). In addition, V-H(+)-ATPases are involved in HCO(3)(-) reabsorption in the proximal tubule and distal tubule. V-H(+)-ATPases(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is frequently an inherited disorder showing autosomal dominant transmission. Genetic analysis has localized a gene causing CCM to a segment of the long arm of human chromosome 7 (7q). This evidence derives from investigation of a small number of families, mostly of Hispanic American descent. In this study, we(More)
Vacuolar H(+)-ATPases are ubiquitous multisubunit complexes mediating the ATP-dependent transport of protons. In addition to their role in acidifying the lumen of various intracellular organelles, vacuolar H(+)-ATPases fulfill special tasks in the kidney. Vacuolar H(+)-ATPases are expressed in the plasma membrane in the kidney almost along the entire length(More)
Acid-base homeostasis of endolymph is thought to be essential for normal inner ear function. This assumption was supported by clinical data from individuals affected by autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis with sensorineural hearing loss. This recessive syndrome was recently demonstrated to be due to mutations in the gene encoding the B1(More)
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