Karin E. Bauer

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Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) isozyme-selective inhibitors were designed by an empirically guided strategy. In the first phase, literature data were used to select C-terminal modifications which generated maximum variation in the catalytic efficiency (Vmax/Km) for glutathione (GSH) analogs used as substrates with different rat GSTs. Also, on the basis of(More)
Cadherins belong to a family of Ca(2+)-dependent homophilic cell-cell adhesion proteins that are important for correct cellular localization and tissue integrity. They play a major role in the development and homeostasis of epithelial architecture. Recently, it has become more and more evident that P-cadherin contributes to the oncogenesis of many tumors.(More)
Alkylating agents which are activated by glutathion-S-transferases (GSTs) have been designed and synthesized. The model compound gamma-glutamyl-alpha-amino-beta-[(2-ethyl N,N,N',N'-tetraethylphosphorodiamidate) sulfonyl]propionylglycine (1) and the nitrogen mustards gamma-glutamyl-alpha- amino-beta-[[2-ethyl N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(More)
BACKGROUND There are many ways to represent a molecule's properties, including atomic-connectivity drawings, NMR spectra, and molecular orbital models. Prior methods for predicting the biological activity of compounds have largely depended on these physical representations. Measuring a compound's binding potency against a small reference panel of diverse(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GST, E.C.2.5.1.18) comprise a family of detoxification enzymes. Elevated levels of specific GST isozymes in tumor cells are thought responsible for resistance to chemotherapeutics, which renders selective GST inhibitors potentially useful pharmaceutical agents. We discuss the development of a structure activity model that(More)
There is a growing evidence that the human homologue of the Drosophila headcase (HECA) plays an important role in human carcinogenesis. So far specific protein interaction partners and affected signaling pathways of HECA are still elusive. In a recent study we showed that HECA overexpression in oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) keratinocytes has tumor(More)
A systematically diversified set of peptide analogs of the reaction product of glutathione with an electrophilic substrate have been tested as isozyme-specific inhibitors of human glutathione-S-transferase (GST). The potency of the best of the inhibitors is in the 0.5 to 20 micromolar range, with kinetics indicative of competitive inhibition with(More)
Stem and progenitor cells have been identified in many adult tissues including bone marrow, the central nervous system, and skin. While there is direct evidence to indicate the activity of a progenitor cell population in the pituitary gland, this putative subpopulation has not yet been identified. Herein we describe the isolation and characterization of a(More)
Slits are a group of secreted glycoproteins that act as molecular guidance cues in cellular migration. Recently, several studies demonstrated that Slit-2 can operate as candidate tumour suppressor protein in various tissues. In this study, we show Slit-2 expression in basal cell layers of normal oral mucosa colocalized with P-cadherin expression. In(More)
P-cadherin belongs to the family of Ca(2+)-dependent homophilic glycosylated cell adhesion molecules. In the normal oral epithelium it shows a strong expression in the basal cell layer which gradually decreases in the suprabasal cell layers. The exact role of P-cadherin during the development and homeostasis of the oral epithelium has not been elucidated,(More)