Karin Beutel

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Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is an autosomal-recessive disease that affects young children. It presents as a severe hyperinflammatory syndrome with activated macrophages and T lymphocytes. Mutations in the perforin 1 gene (PRF1) were found in FHL-2 in 15-50% of all cases. Defective granule exocytosis caused by mutations in the hMunc13-4(More)
Rapid intracellular transport and secretion of cytotoxic granules through the immunological synapse requires a balanced interaction of several proteins. Disturbance of this highly regulated process underlies familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL), a genetically heterogeneous autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by a severe hyperinflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify measures distinguishing macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) from familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) and virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (VA-HLH) and to define appropriate cutoff values. To evaluate suggested dynamic measures differentiating MAS in(More)
Otherwise unexplained clinical signs of infection in patients with long-term tunnelled or totally implanted central venous access devices (CVADs) are suspected to be CVAD-associated. Diagnostic methods include catheter swabs, blood cultures and cultures of the catheter tip or port reservoir. In the case of a suspected CVAD-related bloodstream infection in(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a genetic disorder of lymphocyte cytotoxicity that usually presents in the first two years of life and has a poor prognosis unless treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Atypical courses with later onset and prolonged survival have been described, but no detailed analysis of(More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically determined hyperinflammatory syndrome caused by uncontrolled immune response mediated by T-lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, and macrophages. STXBP2 mutations have recently been associated with FHL5. To better characterize the genetic and clinical spectrum of FHL5, we analyzed a cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Griscelli syndrome type 2 (GS2) is an autosomal-recessive immunodeficiency caused by mutations in RAB27A, clinically characterized by partial albinism and haemophagocytic lymphohistocytosis (HLH). We evaluated the frequency of RAB27A mutations in 21 unrelated patients with haemophagocytic syndromes without mutations in familial HLH (FHL) causing(More)
AIM Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disturbance of immunoregulation. HLH comprises primary and acquired forms with different disease severity. A large proportion of deaths occur early into treatment. We investigated association with early death for laboratory and clinical parameters before the start of and 2 weeks into(More)
Otherwise unexplained clinical signs of infection in patients with tunneled or totally implanted central venous access devices (CVAD) are highly suspicious of an underlying CVAD-associated infection. Diagnostic methods include catheter swabs, blood cultures and cultures of the catheter tip or port reservoir. In case of a suspected CVAD-related blood stream(More)
Increased dose intensity and a better long term survival can not be reached in pediatric oncology without the judicious use of antibiotics. During periods with profound neutropenia and between intensive chemotherapy cycles are bacterial infections capable of disturbing the patients' quality of life; they may cause an acute life threatening situation and(More)