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Web Usage Mining (WUM) aims to extract navigation usage patterns from Web server logs. Mining algorithms yield usage patterns, but finding the ones that constitute new and interesting knowledge in the domain remains a challenge. Typically, analysts have to deal with a huge volume of pattern, from which they have to retrieve the potentially interesting one(More)
Web usage mining (WUM) is the process of extracting navigation behaviour patterns that allow analysing users' interactions with Web-based environments. We discuss the impact of developing the WUM preprocessing phase according to concepts, problems and goals specific to Web-based learning environments. We present a tool prototype that automates typical tasks(More)
The aim of this study is to quantify the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)--incidence, prevalence, and mortality--and identify trends in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. A structured literature search was performed (January 2000 to(More)
A major advantage of Service-Oriented Architectures (SOA) is composition and coordination of loosely coupled services. Because the development lifecycles of services and clients are decoupled, multiple service versions have to be maintained to continue supporting older clients. Typically versions are managed within the SOA by updating service descriptions(More)
Service evolution is a critical issue because even small changes, if not compatible, can potentially affect a huge number of client applications. However, particularly in the context of large scale service usage, changes have different impact on clients according to its use. This paper proposes a change management framework that supports service providers(More)