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Triacylglycerol (TAG) lipases are required for mobilization of TAG stored in lipid particles. Recently, Tgl3p was identified as a major TAG lipase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Athenstaedt, K., and Daum, G. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 23317-23323). Here, we report the identification of Tgl4p and Tgl5p as additional TAG lipases of the yeast. Both(More)
Nano-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (nano-ESI-MS/MS) was employed to determine qualitative differences in the lipid molecular species composition of a comprehensive set of organellar membranes, isolated from a single culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Remarkable differences in the acyl chain composition of biosynthetically related(More)
Previous work from our laboratory (Athenstaedt, K., Zweytick, D., Jandrositz, A., Kohlwein, S. D., and Daum, G. (1999) J. Bacteriol. 181, 6441-6448) showed that the gene product of YMR313c (named Tgl3p) is a component of yeast lipid particles, and deletion of this gene led to an increase in the cellular level of triacylglycerols (TAG). These observations(More)
Lipid particles of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were isolated at high purity, and their proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Major lipid particle proteins were identified by mass spectrometric analysis, and the corresponding open reading frames (ORFs) were deduced. In silicio analysis revealed that all(More)
In this review article we describe characterization of intracellular lipid particles of three different eukaryotic species, namely mammalian cells, plants and yeast. Lipid particles of all types of cells share a general structure. A hydrophobic core of neutral lipids is surrounded by a membrane monolayer of phospholipids which contains a minor amount of(More)
The single cell eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an attractive model to study the complex process of neutral lipid (triacylglycerol and steryl ester) synthesis, storage and turnover. In mammals, defects in the metabolism of these lipids are associated with a number of severe diseases such as atherosclerosis, obesity and type II diabetes. Since the(More)
Triacylglycerols (TAGs), steryl esters (SEs) and wax esters (WEs) form the group of neutral lipids. Whereas TAGs are present in all types of cell, the occurrence of SEs in prokaryotes is questionable, and the presence of WEs as storage molecules is restricted to plants and a few bacteria. Here, we summarize recent knowledge on the formation, storage and(More)
Lipid particles of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are storage compartments for triacylglycerols (TAG) and steryl esters (STE). Four gene products, namely the TAG synthases Dga1p and Lro1p, and the STE synthases Are1p and Are2p contribute to storage lipid synthesis. A yeast strain lacking the four respective genes is devoid of lipid particles thus(More)
We make use of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a flexible experimental system to investigate coordinate pathways of neutral lipid synthesis, storage and mobilization with special emphasis on the role of different organelles in these processes. Recently, a number of new gene products involved in triacylglycerol (TAG) and steryl ester (STE) metabolism(More)
Lipid particles (LP) of all types of cells are a depot of neutral lipids. The present investigation deals with the isolation of LP from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica and the characterization of their lipid and protein composition. Properties of LP varied depending on the carbon source. LP from glucose-grown cells revealed a mean diameter of 650 nm with a(More)