Karima El Rhazi

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OBJECTIVE In Morocco, the association between obesity/overweight and socio-demographic and lifestyle factors is poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate this association in a representative sample of the Moroccan population aged 18 years and above. DESIGN This is a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire including demographic,(More)
INTRODUCTION In developed countries, reinfection after successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori appears unusual. High prevalences of H. pylori in developing countries may result in high reinfection rates. In Morocco, published studies regarding the prevalence of H. pylori are limited, and to our knowledge, there are no data regarding the reinfection(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies have shown an association between smoking and tuberculosis (TB) infection, disease and TB-related mortality. We thus documented the impact of smoking and others factors on TB treatment default. METHODS A cohort of 1039 new TB cases matched on smoking status was followed between 2004 and 2009 in eight Moroccan regions. Treatment(More)
INTRODUCTION Epidemiological studies have shown the association between risk of developing cervical cancer and the persistence of high-risk papillomavirus types in addition to some co-factors. However, little is known about co-factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, especially in developing countries. This study aims to determine HPV(More)
H. pylori persistent infection induces chronic gastritis and is associated with peptic ulcer disease and gastric carcinoma development. The severity of these diseases is related to human's genetic diversity, H. pylori genetic variability and environmental factors. To identify the prevalence of histo-pathological damages caused by H. pylori infection in(More)
BACKGROUND The association between smoking and tuberculosis (TB) treatment failure has not yet been assessed in Morocco. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of smoking on the failure rate of patients with TB. METHODS A cohort of 727 new TB cases was followed between 2004 and 2009. Socio-demographic measurements and smoking status were collected by(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and associated variables in the Moroccan adult population. METHODS Population-based, May 2008 survey of a representative sample of Moroccan adults. PA was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). RESULTS Mean age was 41.4 years (26.2-56.6). Of the 2613 subjects,(More)
BACKGROUND In Morocco, there are no studies that focused on the hypertension and its associated risk factors through patients with type 2 diabetes. Different findings show that the frequency of type 2 diabetes has risen rapidly in Morocco. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among a(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary habits in Morocco are changing and the causes are not well understood. This study aimed to analyse socio-demographic factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) in a national random sample of the adult Moroccan population. METHODS The data collected in this cross-sectional survey included socio-demographic factors(More)
Abstract Objective: To carry out an inventory on the availability, challenges and needs of Dietary Assessment (DA) methods in Africa as a pre-requisite to provide evidence, and set directions (strategies) for implementing common dietary methods and support web-research infrastructure across countries. Methods: The inventory was performed within the(More)