Karim Nagi

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Opiate drugs are the most effective analgesics available but their clinical use is restricted by severe side effects. Some of these undesired actions appear after repeated administration and are related to adaptive changes directed at counteracting the consequences of sustained opioid receptor activation. Here we will discuss adaptations that contribute to(More)
Signaling bias refers to G protein-coupled receptor ligand ability to preferentially activate one type of signal over another. Bias to evoke signaling as opposed to sequestration has been proposed as a predictor of opioid ligand potential for generating tolerance. Here we measured whether delta opioid receptor agonists preferentially inhibited cyclase(More)
Signaling bias makes reference to the capacity of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands to direct pharmacological stimuli to a subset of effectors among all of those controlled by the receptor. This new signaling modality has added texture to the classical notion of efficacy. In doing so, it has opened new avenues for the development of therapeutic GPCR(More)
This study assessed how conformational information encoded by ligand binding to δ-opioid receptors (DORs) is transmitted to Kir3.1/Kir3.2 channels. Human embryonic kidney 293 cells were transfected with bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) donor/acceptor pairs that allowed us to evaluate independently reciprocal interactions among signaling(More)
Opioids are among the most effective drugs to treat severe pain. They produce their analgesic actions by specifically activating opioid receptors located along the pain perception pathway where they inhibit the flow of nociceptive information. This inhibition is partly accomplished by activation of hyperpolarizing G protein-coupled inwardly-rectifying(More)
Kir3 channels control excitability in the nervous system and the heart. Their surface expression is strictly regulated, but mechanisms responsible for channel removal from the membrane remain incompletely understood. Using transfected cells, we show that Kir3.1/3.2 channels and delta opioid receptors (DORs) associate in a complex which persists during(More)
Ion channels play a vital role in numerous physiological functions and drugs that target them are actively pursued for development of novel therapeutic agents. Here we report a means for monitoring in real time the conformational changes undergone by channel proteins upon exposure to pharmacological stimuli. The approach relies on tracking structural(More)
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