Karim M. ElSawy

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UNLABELLED An automated procedure for the analysis of homologous protein structures has been developed. The method facilitates the characterization of internal conformational differences and inter-conformer relationships and provides a framework for the analysis of protein structural evolution. The method is implemented in bio3d, an R package for the(More)
Single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) viruses form a major class that includes important human, animal, and plant pathogens. While the principles underlying the structures of their protein capsids are generally well understood, much less is known about the organization of their encapsulated genomic RNAs. Cryo-electron microscopy and x-ray crystallography have(More)
We investigated the potential of small peptide segments to function as broad-spectrum antiviral drug leads. We extracted the α-helical peptide segments that share common secondary-structure environments in the capsid protein-protein interfaces of three unrelated virus classes (PRD1-like, HK97-like, and BTV-like) that encompass different levels of(More)
The interaction of p53 with its regulators MDM2 and MDMX plays a major role in regulating the cell cycle. Inhibition of this interaction has become an important therapeutic strategy in oncology. Although MDM2 and MDMX share a very high degree of sequence/structural similarity, the small-molecule inhibitor nutlin appears to be an efficient inhibitor only of(More)
In a seminal paper, Caspar and Klug [1962. Physical principles in the construction of regular viruses. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 27, 1-24] derived a family of surface lattices as blueprints for the structural organisation of the protein shells, called viral capsids, which encapsulate and hence protect the viral genome. These lattices(More)
A large number of single-stranded RNA viruses, which form a major class of all viruses, co-assemble their protein container and their genomic material. The multiple roles of the viral genome in this process are presently only partly understood. Recent experimental results indicate that RNA, in addition to its function as a repository for genetic(More)
The Caspar-Klug classification of viruses whose protein shell, called viral capsid, exhibits icosahedral symmetry, has recently been extended to incorporate viruses whose capsid proteins are exclusively organised in pentamers. The approach, named 'Viral Tiling Theory', is inspired by the theory of quasicrystals, where aperiodic Penrose tilings enjoy 5-fold(More)
A multivariate analysis of the backbone and sugar torsion angles of dinucleotide fragments was used to construct a 3D principal conformational subspace (PCS) of DNA duplex crystal structures. The potential energy surface (PES) within the PCS was mapped for a single-strand dinucleotide model using an empirical energy function. The low energy regions of the(More)
The study of drug-receptor interactions has largely been framed in terms of the equilibrium thermodynamic binding affinity, an in vitro measure of the stability of the drug-receptor complex that is commonly used as a proxy measure of in vivo biological activity. In response to the growing realization of the importance of binding kinetics to in vivo drug(More)
Peptides that inhibit MDM2 and attenuate MDM2-p53 interactions, thus activating p53, are currently being pursued as anticancer drug leads for tumors harboring wild type p53. The thermodynamic determinants of peptide-MDM2 interactions have been extensively studied. However, a detailed understanding of the dynamics that underlie these interactions is largely(More)