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— This paper introduces a Bayesian image segmentation algorithm based on finite mixtures. An EM algorithm is developed to estimate parameters of the Gaussian mixtures. The finite mixture is a flexible and powerful probabilistic modeling tool. It can be used to provide a model-based clustering in the field of pattern recognition. However, the application of(More)
The clustering method " Fuzzy-C-Means " (FCM) is widely used in image segmentation. However, the major drawback of this method is its sensitivity to the noise. In this paper, we propose a variant of this method which aims at resolving this problem. Our approach is based on an adaptive distance which is calculated according to the spatial position of the(More)
The Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm and the clustering method Fuzzy-C-Means (FCM) are widely used in image segmentation. However, the major drawback of these methods is their sensitivity to the noise. In this paper, we propose a variant of these methods which aim at resolving this problem. Our approaches proceed by the characterization of pixels by(More)
Mammography constitutes a credible technique for the detection of breast cancer. Early detection of microcalcifications in breast tissue, which is an indication of developing breast cancer, facilitates prompt intervention averting fatalities associated with this type of disease. It is, however, difficult for practitioners to pinpoint effectively the(More)
—Bayesian networks (BN) are used in a big range of applications but they have one issue concerning parameter learning. In real application, training data are always incomplete or some nodes are hidden. To deal with this problem many learning parameter algorithms are suggested foreground EM, Gibbs sampling and RBE algorithms. In order to limit the search(More)