Karim Kalti

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The Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm and the clustering method Fuzzy-C-Means (FCM) are widely used in image segmentation. However, the major drawback of these methods is their sensitivity to the noise. In this paper, we propose a variant of these methods which aim at resolving this problem. Our approaches proceed by the characterization of pixels by(More)
— This paper introduces a Bayesian image segmentation algorithm based on finite mixtures. An EM algorithm is developed to estimate parameters of the Gaussian mixtures. The finite mixture is a flexible and powerful probabilistic modeling tool. It can be used to provide a model-based clustering in the field of pattern recognition. However, the application of(More)
In mammographic images, extracting different anatomical structures and tissues types is a critical requirement for the breast cancer diagnosis. For instance, separating breast and background regions increases the accuracy and efficiency of mammographic processing algorithms. In this paper, we propose a new region-based method to properly segment breast and(More)
We present in this paper an image segmentation approach that combines a fuzzy semantic region classification and a context based region-growing. Input image is first over-segmented. Then, prior domain knowledge is used to perform a fuzzy classification of these regions to provide a fuzzy semantic labeling. This allows the proposed approach to operate at(More)