Karim Debache

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A 10-year-old male, neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with fever, anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea. Serologic testing for Feline immunodeficiency virus and Feline leukemia virus were negative. Fine-needle aspirates of mesenteric lymph nodes revealed the presence of banana-shaped apicomplexan parasites. The cat died after 4 days of(More)
Recombinant NcPDI(recNcPDI), NcROP2(recNcROP2), and NcMAG1(recNcMAG1) were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified, and evaluated as potential vaccine candidates by employing the C57Bl/6 mouse cerebral infection model. Intraperitoneal application of these proteins suspended in saponin adjuvants lead to protection against disease in 50% and 70% of mice(More)
The effects of nanogel encapsulation of recombinant NcPDI (recNcPDI) following vaccination of mice by intranasal or intraperitoneal routes and challenge infection with Neospora caninum tachyzoites were investigated. Nanogels were chitosan based, with an alginate or alginate-mannose surface. None of the mice receiving recNcPDI intraperitoneal (i.p.) (without(More)
Rhoptry antigens are involved in a variety of cellular functions related to host cell invasion, formation of the parasitophorous vacuole and parasite-host cell interplay. The cDNA sequence of one of these antigens, NcROP2 was identified from Neospora caninum expressed sequence tags (ESTs), amplified by reverse transcription-PCR, expressed in Escherichia(More)
We investigated the protective potential of recombinant his-tagged antigens recNcMIC1, recNcMIC3 and recNcROP2, applied either as single vaccines or as vaccine combinations, in BALB/c mouse models for cerebral and fetal infection. Subsequently, mice were mated and challenged by i.p. inoculation of 2 x 10(6)Neospora caninum tachyzoites at day 7 of pregnancy.(More)
In this study, mice were vaccinated intranasally with recombinant N. caninum protein disulphide isomerase (NcPDI) emulsified in cholera toxin (CT) or cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) from Vibrio cholerae. The effects of vaccination were assessed in the murine nonpregnant model and the foetal infection model, respectively. In the nonpregnant mice, previous(More)
Neospora caninum is considered to be the main cause of bovine abortion in Europe and the USA, leading to considerable financial impact. Losses are caused directly by abortions or indirectly through breeding of calves with impaired viability. Due to the lack of effective chemotherapy against bovine neosporosis, there is a need to develop new anti-protozoal(More)
The impact of di-cationic pentamidine-analogues against Toxoplama gondii (Rh- and Me49-background) was investigated. The 72 h-growth assays showed that the arylimidamide DB750 inhibited the proliferation of tachyzoites of T. gondii Rh and T. gondii Me49 with an IC(50) of 0·11 and 0·13 μM, respectively. Pre-incubation of fibroblast monolayers with 1 μM DB750(More)
Miltefosine was investigated for its activity against Neospora caninum tachyzoites in vitro, and was shown to inhibit the proliferation of N. caninum tachyzoites cultured in human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) with an IC50 of 5·2 μM. Treatment of infected cells with 25 μM miltefosine for a period of 10 h had only a parasitostatic effect, while after 20 h of(More)
The cationic arylimidamide DB750 and the thiazolide nitazoxanide had been shown earlier to be effective against Neospora caninum tachyzoites in vitro with an IC(50) of 160nM and 4.23μM, respectively. In this study, we have investigated the effects of DB750 and nitazoxanide treatments of experimentally infected Balb/c mice, by applying the drugs either(More)