Karim Boumédiene

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OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix deposition is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory cytokines. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) have been shown to play antagonistic roles in tissue homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of IL-1beta on TGFbeta receptor type II(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is involved in wound healing and its biological properties depend on its molecular size. The effects of native HA and HA-12 and HA-880 saccharide fragments on human fibroblast proliferation and expression of matrix-related genes were studied. The three HA forms promoted cell adhesion and proliferation. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -3 mRNA(More)
Human skeletal muscle is an essential source of various cellular progenitors with potential therapeutic perspectives. We first used extracellular markers to identify in situ the main cell types located in a satellite position or in the endomysium of the skeletal muscle. Immunohistology revealed labeling of cells by markers of mesenchymal (CD13, CD29, CD44,(More)
We have previously shown that TGF-beta 1 exerts a bifunctional effect on RAC proliferation. Added to quiescent cultures, it inhibits the entry of G0/G1 cells into S phase whereas in S phase synchronized populations, it stimulates the DNA replication rate with a delayed G2 + M phase and a subsequent transient increase of cell number. As TGF-beta 2 and beta 3(More)
OBJECTIVE Diacetylrhein or diacerein has shown efficacy in the treatment of both major forms of osteoarthritis (OA), coxarthrosis as well as gonarthrosis, improving clinical symptoms of the disease (pain reduction and algo-functional index). Both in-vitro and animal models studies suggest that diacerein may have also disease-modifying effects. The drug(More)
In osteoarthritis (OA), interleukin-1 (IL-1) stimulates the expression of metalloproteinases and aggrecanases, which induce cartilage degradation. IL-1 is also capable of reducing the production of cartilage-specific macromolecules, including type II collagen, through modulation of the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. Conversely, Transforming growth(More)
OBJECTIVE To uncover the mechanism by which chondroitin sulfate (CS) enhances hyaluronan (HA) production by human osteoarthritic (OA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS The production of HA was investigated by exposing human OA FLS to CS in the presence or absence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). HA levels were determined by enzyme-linked(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are adult multipotential progenitors which have a high potential in regenerative medicine. They can be isolated from different tissues throughout the body and their homogeneity in terms of phenotype and differentiation capacities is a real concern. To address this issue, we conducted a 2-DE gel analysis of mesenchymal stem cells(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanisms by which cytokines and 17beta-oestradiol (17beta-E2) modulate gene expression and activity of uridine diphosphoglucose dehydrogenase (UGDH), a key enzyme of GAG synthesis in articular chondrocytes. METHODS Rabbit articular chondrocytes (RAC) from 3-week-old animals were incubated for 24 h with TGF-beta, insulin(More)
The inhibitory potency of ursolic acid extracted from Ilex paraguariensis, a plant used in South American population for a tea preparation known as maté, and its derivatives to inhibit aromatase activity was assessed and compared to a phytoestrogen apigenin and a steroidal aromatase inhibitor 4-hyroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA). Among all compounds tested only(More)