Karianne Fjeld

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Wnt signaling is essential for tooth formation. Members of the Dickkopf (Dkk) family modulate the Wnt signaling pathway by binding to the Wnt receptor complex. Comparison of Dkk1, -2, and -3 mRNA expression during mouse tooth formation revealed that all three genes showed distinct spatiotemporally regulated expression patterns. Dkk1 was prominently(More)
During development, trigeminal nerve fibers navigate and establish their axonal projections to the developing tooth in a highly spatiotemporally controlled manner. By analyzing Sema3a and its receptor Npn1 knockout mouse embryos, we found that Sema3a regulates dental trigeminal axon navigation and patterning, as well as the timing of the first mandibular(More)
The distribution of the tachykinin receptors neurokinin-1 (NK1), neurokinin-2 (NK2) and neurokinin-3 (NK3), and the calcitonin gene-related peptide-1 (CGRP1) receptor were examined in rat teeth and tooth-supporting tissues by immunohistochemical methods and light and confocal microscopy. Western blot analysis was performed to identify the NK1- and the(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mediates trophic effects for specific classes of sensory neurons. The adult tooth pulp is a well-defined target of sensory trigeminal innervation. Here we investigated potential roles of GDNF in the regulation of adult trigeminal neurons and the dental pulp nerve supply of the rat maxillary first molar.(More)
During development of the peripheral nervous system, growing axons navigate and establish connections to their developing target organs. Regulation of axon growth involves coordinated activity of diffusible and local contact-mediated attractive and repulsive guiding cues including members of for example the netrin, Slit, ephrin and semaphorin families(More)
CEL-maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), diabetes with pancreatic lipomatosis and exocrine dysfunction, is due to dominant frameshift mutations in the acinar cell carboxyl ester lipase gene (CEL). As Cel knock-out mice do not express the phenotype and the mutant protein has an altered and intrinsically disordered tandem repeat domain, we(More)
CONTEXT The synthesis of glycogen is initiated by glycogenin. In humans, glycogenin-1 is expressed ubiquitously, whereas glycogenin-2 (GN2) is highly expressed in liver. It has therefore been suggested that GN2 is a liver isoform of glycogenin. In a search for possible copy number variations associated with monogenic diabetes, we identified a 102-kb(More)
Carboxyl ester lipase is a digestive pancreatic enzyme encoded by the CEL gene. Mutations in CEL cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young as well as pancreatic exocrine dysfunction. Here we describe a hybrid allele (CEL-HYB) originating from a crossover between CEL and its neighboring pseudogene, CELP. In a discovery series of familial chronic(More)
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 8 (MODY8) is characterized by a syndrome of autosomal dominantly inherited diabetes and exocrine pancreatic dysfunction. It is caused by deletion mutations in the last exon of the carboxyl ester lipase (CEL) gene, resulting in a CEL protein with increased tendency to aggregate. In this study we investigated the(More)
The Dickkopf (Dkk) family and Mmp9 are important for apoptosis and a number of other developmental processes. However, little is known about their roles in the development of cranial base, which is an important structure for coordinated development and growth of the craniofacial skeletons. In order to establish whether and in what way these genes are(More)