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IMPORTANCE While vitamin D supplementation and exercise are recommended for prevention of falls for older people, results regarding these 2 factors are contradictory. OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of targeted exercise training and vitamin D supplementation in reducing falls and injurious falls among older women. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
OBJECTIVES A summary of epidemiologic evidence regarding the effect of mobile phone use on intracranial tumor risk was obtained by means of a meta-analysis. METHODS Reports of published studies on mobile phone use and intracranial tumors were sought. Altogether 12 relevant publications were identified from the PubMed database and reference lists of(More)
BACKGROUND Regular physical activity (PA) confers many positive effects on health and well-being. Sedentary behavior (SB), in turn, is a risk factor for health, regardless of the level of moderate to vigorous PA. The present study describes the levels of objectively measured SB, breaks in SB, standing still and PA among Finnish adults. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVES We conducted a randomized trial among overweight long-distance drivers to study the effects of structured lifestyle counseling on body weight and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS Men with waist circumference >100 cm were randomized into a lifestyle counseling (LIFE, N=55) and a reference (REF, N=58) group. The LIFE group participated in(More)
This paper aims to provide an overview of factors affecting the validity of epidemiological studies on health effects of mobile phone use. A qualitative review of published studies is presented, covering both risk assessment and exposure assessment. Considerable random error is likely to have occurred in studies carried out so far, primarily related to(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of multimodal supervised exercise on physical functioning, falls, and related injuries in older women. DESIGN Two-year randomized controlled trial. SETTING Tampere, Finland. PARTICIPANTS Women aged 70 to 80 who had fallen in the previous year (n = 409). INTERVENTION Participants were randomly assigned to an(More)
Case-control studies of mobile phones are commonly based on retrospective, self-reported exposure information, which are often characterized as involving substantial uncertainty concerning data validity. We assessed the validity of self-reported mobile phone use and developed a statistical model to account for the over-reporting of exposure. We collected(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to evaluate the effect of a 12-month individualized health coaching intervention by telephony on clinical outcomes. METHODS An open-label cluster-randomized parallel groups trial. Pre- and post-intervention anthropometric and blood pressure measurements by trained nurses, laboratory measures from electronic medical records (EMR). A(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain (LBP) in young female and male basketball and floorball players. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Nine basketball teams and 9 floorball teams from Tampere city district, Finland. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred one young female and male players (mean age:(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to evaluate the agreement between self-reported and operator-derived estimates of call time based on a three-month monitoring period, as well as the consistency of mobile phone use over time. Alternative approaches to improve participation in a cohort study of mobile phone users were also compared. METHODS A total of(More)