Kari T Syvänen

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Peripheral artery tonometry (PAT) is a novel method for assessing arterial stiffness of small digital arteries. Pulse pressure can be regarded as a surrogate of large artery stiffness. When ankle-brachial index (ABI) is calculated using the higher of the two ankle systolic pressures as denominator (ABI-higher), leg perfusion can be reliably estimated.(More)
INTRODUCTION The diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be made by measuring the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Traditionally ABI values > 1.00-1.40 have been considered normal and ABI ≤ 0.90 defines PAD. Recent studies, however, have shown that individuals with ABI values between 0.90-1.00 are also at risk of cardiovascular events. We studied this(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is an established risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but the prevalence of this condition in hypertensive patients without comorbidities is unknown. METHODS In this study, we assess the prevalence and factors associated with PAD, and the usefulness of ankle-brachial index (ABI) in evaluating cardiovascular risk in(More)
INTRODUCTION Erectile dysfunction (ED) is especially common in men with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, the data are scarce concerning populations without manifested CVD. AIM The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with ED, especially those associated with decreasing risk of ED, in men with cardiovascular risk factors but without(More)
The aim was to evaluate clinical and subclinical cardiac toxicity of epirubicin-docetaxel (ET) combination. Breast cancer patients were given epirubicin (75 mg/m2 for 15 min), followed 1 h later by a 1-h infusion of docetaxel (75 mg/m2) q3w as first-line treatment. Cardiac function was monitored using a 24-h ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG), left(More)
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) has been previously linked to different forms of vascular disease. However, some studies have not found any relationship between hsCRP and atherosclerosis. Also, studies investigating correlation between hsCRP and ankle brachial index (ABI) are scarce. We studied hsCRP in a cardiovascular risk population with a(More)
The effects of docetaxel treatment on autonomic cardiac function was studied with 24-h ECG recordings in breast cancer patients pretreated with anthracyclines. Twenty-four women were evaluated before docetaxel treatment and after 3-4 courses of docetaxel 100 mg/m(2). The heart rate, cardiac extrasystoles and heart rate variability (HRV) in both the time and(More)
We hypothesized that erectile dysfunction is associated with impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance and could be used in primary screening of pre-diabetes. Although erectile dysfunction is known to be closely associated with diabetes, we demonstrate that it is not associated with pre-diabetes in 926 apparently healthy men.
BACKGROUND Smoking is a well-known risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Data regarding differences in the prevalence of PAD between sexes are somewhat controversial. In addition, most studies indicate that the prevalence of PAD increases with age in both sexes. In the present study, the effects of sex, age and smoking on the ankle-brachial(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the paraurethral gland is a rare tumour with no published prevalence in male patients. This report presents a case of bulbourethral gland adenocarcinoma in a 25-year-old man without comorbidities. After resection of the proximal urethra, sphincter and prostate, Mitrofanoff-type appendicovesicostomy was performed. In this case, chemotherapy(More)