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Conflicting results have been reported as to whether genetic variations (Val66Met and C270T) of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) confer susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We genotyped these polymorphisms in a Japanese sample of 657 patients with AD and 525 controls, and obtained weak evidence of association for Val66Met (P =(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) modulates dopamine turnover in the brain and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme is an important agent in the metabolic inactivation of dopamine and norepinephrine. Functional polymorphism in the COMT and ACE genes causes variation in enzyme activities. We investigated the relationship of COMT and ACE gene(More)
Estrogens may be implicated in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Most of their effects are mediated via receptors whose function and expression may be modified by DNA polymorphisms. Here the estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) polymorphisms XbaI and PvuII were analyzed in 214 AD patients and 290 controls. In logistic regression analysis, a(More)
The etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is still unclear, although clinical diagnostic criteria exist and the neuropathology of AD has been studied in great detail during the last 20 years. The present study addresses certain problems in the search for biological markers for the diagnosis, as well as in the follow-up of the course of AD and its(More)
Neuregulin 1 is involved both in neurodevelopment and neurotransmitter mechanisms in the brain. There is evidence of an association between neuregulin 1 genotype and schizophrenia. We compared neuregulin 1 genotypes in patients with schizophrenia (n=94) and control subjects (n=395) of Finnish origin by using one SNP (SNP8NRG221533) as a genetic marker. We(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand the relation between risk genes for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their influence on biomarkers for AD, we examined the association of AD in the Finnish cohort with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from top AlzGene loci, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and candidate gene studies; and tested the correlation between these(More)
Several studies have connected brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with treatment response to neuroleptics. In recent studies, the BDNF expression was reduced by typical neuroleptics. We conducted a retrospective study on 94 patients with schizophrenia and 98 controls. The BDNF G196A and C270T polymorphisms are not associated with treatment response to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test for an association between an estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) gene polymorphism and Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) in Finnish subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Forty-one clinically demented and pathologically confirmed PDD patients and 59 cognitively intact aged individuals with normal neuropathology were genotyped for the ESR1 PvuII(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VD) are the two most common causes of dementia. As yet, no definitive biological antemortem marker has been established for differential diagnosis of AD or VD. In this study, proteins of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from AD, VD and control patients were analyzed by two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis with(More)