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BACKGROUND Experimental and epidemiologic investigations suggest that alpha-tocopherol (the most prevalent chemical form of vitamin E found in vegetable oils, seeds, grains, nuts, and other foods) and beta-carotene (a plant pigment and major precursor of vitamin A found in many yellow, orange, and dark-green, leafy vegetables and some fruit) might reduce(More)
The prevalence of chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection was assessed in 54 patients with established chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 41 of these with severe COPD (group I), 13 with mild to moderate COPD (group II), and in 23 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (controls, group III). Specific IgG and IgA antibody levels and circulating(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary complications are common in patients with primary hypogammaglobulinemia. Intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy has been thought to reduce the occurrence of pulmonary complications, yet they do occur. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate pulmonary abnormalities in 22 patients with primary hypogammaglobulinemia(More)
We report a randomized multicentre study of split-course radiotherapy (RT), with or without combination chemotherapy (CT), in 238 patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), previously untreated, confined to one hemithorax and the mediastinal nodes. In both treatment groups RT consisted of 55 Gy in 20 F given over 7 weeks with a 3-week rest(More)
Inhaled corticosteroids are the cornerstone of the modern therapy for asthma. In recent years, inhaled corticosteroids have been used in higher doses than previously. This has caused concern about possible osteoporotic side-effects. We studied bone mineral densities (BMDs) in 19 non-smoking women (mean age 53 years, range 40-63) with newly diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND This randomised study was designed to determine the response rate survival and toxicity of single-agent gemcitabine and cisplatin-etoposide in chemo-naïve patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 was given as a 30 min intravenous infusion on days 1, 8, 15 of a 28-day(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the patient- and treatment-system dependent factors affecting treatment outcome in a two-year cohort of all treated culture-verified pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases to establish a basis for improving outcomes. METHODS Medical records of all cases in 1995 - 1996 were abstracted to assess outcome of treatment. Outcome was(More)
This randomized study was designed to determine the response rates, survival and toxicities of single-agent gemcitabine (GEMZAR) and a combination of cisplatin/etoposide in chemonaive patients with non-resectable, locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 was given as a 30-min intravenous infusion on days 1,(More)
Viruses and bacteria in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, protected specimen brush samples, and bronchial biopsies from 14 patients with primary hypogammaglobulinemia (11 patients with common variable immunodeficiency [CVID] and three patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia [XLA]) were analyzed. At the time of the study, the patients had no signs of acute(More)
Relevant information on the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its trends is scarce. In the present study, we compare the prevalence rates and potential determinants of COPD in two national population samples that were surveyed 20 yrs apart. In 1978-1980, a sample of 8,000 people was surveyed; subjects were representative of the(More)