Kari Juhani Airenne

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Sea urchin fibropellins are epidermal growth factor homologues that harbor a C-terminal domain, similar in sequence to hen egg-white avidin and bacterial streptavidin. The fibropellin sequence was used as a conceptual template for mutation of designated conserved tryptophan residues in the biotin-binding sites of the tetrameric proteins, avidin and(More)
Chicken avidin is a highly popular tool with countless applications in the life sciences. In the present study, an efficient method for producing avidin protein in the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli in the active form is described. Avidin was produced by replacing the native signal sequence of the protein with a bacterial OmpA secretion signal. The(More)
Chicken avidin and bacterial streptavidin are proteins familiar from their use in various (strept)avidin-biotin technological applications. Avidin binds the vitamin biotin with the highest affinity known for non-covalent interactions found in nature. The gene encoding avidin (AVD) has homologues in chicken, named avidin-related genes (AVRs). In the present(More)
We observed that overexpression of Cre recombinase in 293 T cells has toxic effects and that the chicken beta-actin promoter is active in Escherichia coli, causing expression of Cre in bacteria. This led to significant problems in the cloning of Cre/loxP constructs. Leaky Cre-expression in E. coli, and toxicity of the Cre overexpression in mammalian cells,(More)
A recombinant non-glycosylated and acidic form of avidin was designed and expressed in soluble form in baculovirus-infected insect cells. The mutations were based on the same principles that guided the design of the chemically and enzymatically modified avidin derivative, known as NeutraLite Avidin. In this novel recombinant avidin derivative, five out of(More)
Rhizobium etli CFN42 is a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium of the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris. The symbiotic plasmid p42d of R. etli comprises a gene encoding a putative (strept)avidin-like protein, named rhizavidin. The amino acid sequence identity of rhizavidin in relation to other known avidin-like proteins is 20-30%. The amino acid residues(More)
An improved method for the generation of recombinant baculoviruses by Tn7-mediated transposition is described. The method is based on the modified donor vector (pBVboost) and an improved selection scheme of the baculovirus bacmids in Escherichia coli with a mutated SacB gene. Recombinant bacmids can be generated at a frequency of approximately 10(7)/microg(More)
Homotetrameric chicken avidin that binds four molecules of biotin was converted to a monomeric form (monoavidin) by mutations of two interface residues: tryptophan 110 in the 1 --> 2 interface was mutated to lysine and asparagine 54 in the 1 --> 4 interface was converted to alanine. The affinity for biotin binding of the mutant decreased from K(d)(More)
An efficient lepidopteran insect cell system was established for the expression of a recombinant form of chicken egg-white avidin. The gene product was obtained in both secreted and intracellular forms, and biologically active recombinant avidin was isolated using affinity chromatography on an iminobiotin-agarose column. Similar to the known quaternary(More)
Avidin, a positively charged egg-white glycoprotein, is a widely used tool in biotechnological applications because of its ability to bind biotin strongly. The high pI of avidin (approximately 10.5), however, is a hindrance in certain applications due to non-specific (charge-related) binding. Here we report a construction of a series of avidin charge(More)