Kari Högstrand

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The tumor suppressor p53 protein supports growth arrest and is able to induce apoptosis, a signaling cascade regulated by sequential activation of caspases. Mechanisms that lead from p53 to activation of individual initiator caspases are still unclear. The present model for caspase-2 activation includes PIDDosome complex formation. However, in certain(More)
Gene conversion, sometimes also called micro gene conversion or gene conversion-like events, has been proposed to act on a number of genes in higher eukaryotes, such as gamma-globin, beta-tubulin, major urinary protein, and amyloid A genes. In the immune system, immunoglobulin genes and major histocompatibility complex class I and class II genes have been(More)
This manuscript describes technical advances allowing manipulation and quantitative analyses of human DC migratory behavior in lung epithelial tissue. DCs are hematopoietic cells essential for the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the induction of tissue-specific immune responses. Important functions include cytokine production and migration in response(More)
We have explored the effects of gamma-irradiation and etoposide on the gene conversion frequency between the endogenous major histocompatibility complex class II genes Abk and Ebd in a mouse testis cell line of non-germline origin with a polymerase chain reaction assay. Both gamma-rays and etoposide were shown to increase the gene conversion frequency with(More)
Phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure on the surface of cells has been considered a characteristic feature of apoptosis. However, we demonstrate herein that externalization of PS occurs in a cell-type-specific, albeit caspase-dependent, manner. Moreover, we could find no correlation in six different cell lines between the level of expression of the phospholipid(More)
 We examined 32 DNA sequences of mouse and human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes believed to have been subjected to gene conversion events. All regions of the mouse H2 genes as well as the human HLA genes which have been implied to be involved in gene conversion events had elevated levels of CpG dinucleotides, whereas the rest of the genes(More)
 We examined two intrachromosomal gene conversion events with a polymerase chain reaction assay at the DNA level between the two major histocompatibility complex class II genes Eb and Ab in mice sperm before selection has occurred. The frequency of the intrachromosomal gene conversion event between Ebd and Abd was found to be at least one order of magnitude(More)
Refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS) is characterized by mitochondrial ferritin (FTMT) accumulation and markedly suppressed expression of the iron transporter ABCB7. To test the hypothesis that ABCB7 is a key mediator of ineffective erythropoiesis of RARS, we modulated its expression in hematopoietic cells. ABCB7 up and downregulation did not(More)
HS-1-associated protein X-1 (HAX-1) is a multi-functional protein that has been implicated in the regulation of apoptosis, cell motility and calcium homeostasis. In the present study, we set out to assess the postulated functional resemblance of HAX-1 to the BCL-2 family of anti-apoptotic proteins using non-transformed, cytokine-dependent murine bone marrow(More)
Transgenic mice were generated expressing NK1.1, an NK cell-associated receptor, under control of the human CD2 promoter. Unexpectedly, one of the founder lines, Tg66, showed a marked defect in thymic development characterized by disorganized architecture and small size. Mapping of the transgene insertion by fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed(More)