Karen Y Sirocco

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A rapidly growing body of preclinical data has implicated the glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in memory and other cognitive processes. There is comparatively less information about this receptor system in human cognition. We examined the effects of subanesthetic doses of ketamine, a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, on two forms of(More)
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) has been argued to be a sensitive indicator of frontal lobe function. However, several recent studies have failed to find a consistent relationship between structural damage to this cortical area and perseveration on the test. In the present study, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(More)
Fifteen normal volunteers were administered placebo, 0.250, 0.375 and 0.500 mg of triazolam in a double- blind cross-over design. Triazolam induced robust dose-dependent impairments in explicit memory of information presented after drug administration. Subjects were unaware of their memory deficit (an impairment in meta-cognition). In contrast, memory for(More)
The ability to monitor the source of remembered information and related reflective cognitive processes was examined in normal volunteers and detoxified alcoholics. Normal volunteers were very accurate judges of whether remembered events were presented as stimuli or were self-generated, even when memory was tested 2 days later. In contrast, a subgroup of(More)
Fifteen normal volunteers were administered 0.250, 0.375, and 0.500 mg of triazolam and placebo in a double-blind repeated measures cross-over design. Subjects demonstrated dose-dependent impairments in free recall, a test of explicit memory requiring awareness and reflection, and sedation as assessed by objective behavioral measures (the digit symbol(More)
Single doses of alprazolam (0, 0.5, 1.5 mg) or adinazolam mesylate sustained release tablets (SR) (0, 15, 45 mg) were administered to separate groups of 12 healthy men in a crossover design. Psychomotor performance was assessed by digit symbol substitution (DSST), and memory was assessed using a test battery which reflects various aspects of memory,(More)
The effects of two memory-impairing drugs, ethanol and triazolam, on proactive interference (PI) in memory were studied. Following ingestion of either one of these drugs or a placebo, subjects studied an A-B list (e.g., BEE-WASP) of paired associates, followed by an A-C list (e.g., BEE-HONEY) on the interference trial, and a D-E list (e.g., KING-QUEEN)(More)
The goal of this special section is to highlight progress made and primary research reports on the relation between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), impulsivity, and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) utilizing a diverse range of methods. The four papers examine various psychological processes underlying the broad construct of impulsivity that are(More)
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