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Ozonide OZ439 is a synthetic peroxide antimalarial drug candidate designed to provide a single-dose oral cure in humans. OZ439 has successfully completed Phase I clinical trials, where it was shown to be safe at doses up to 1,600 mg and is currently undergoing Phase IIa trials in malaria patients. Herein, we describe the discovery of OZ439 and the(More)
Deleterious mutations in RS1 encoding retinoschisin are associated with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (RS), a common form of macular degeneration in males. The disorder is characterized by a negative electroretinogram pattern and by a splitting of the inner retina. To gain further insight into the function of the retinoschisin protein and its role in the(More)
Human claudin-1 is an integral protein component of tight junctions, a structure controlling cell-to-cell adhesion and, consequently, regulating paracellular and transcellular transport of solutes across human epithelia and endothelia. Recently, a claudin-1 (CLDN1) cDNA has been isolated from human mammary epithelial cells (HMECs). CLDN1 expression in(More)
Galanin is an endogenous neuropeptide that modulates seizures in the brain. Because this neuropeptide does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier, we designed truncated galanin analogues in which nonessential amino acid residues were replaced by cationic and/or lipoamino acid residues. The analogues prevented seizures in the 6 Hz mouse model of epilepsy(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the costs and performance of the NHS with those of an integrated system for financing and delivery health services (Kaiser Permanente) in California. METHODS The adjusted costs of the two systems and their performance were compared with respect to inputs, use, access to services, responsiveness, and limited quality indicators. (More)
The immune stimulating ability of mannosylated liposomes containing FITC-ovalbumin as a model antigen and displaying either a branched tri-mannose or a mono-mannose ligand on the liposome surface was investigated in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) and murine bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Uptake of liposomes, dendritic cell(More)
A whole-organism screen of approximately 87000 compounds against Trypanosoma brucei brucei identified a number of promising compounds for medicinal chemistry optimization. One of these classes of compounds we termed the pyridyl benzamides. While the initial hit had an IC50 of 12 μM, it was small enough to be attractive for further optimization, and we(More)
The clinical use of mefloquine (MQ) has declined due to dose-related neurological events. Next generation quinoline methanols (NGQMs) that do not accumulate in the central nervous system (CNS) to the same extent may have utility. In this study, CNS levels of NGQMs relative to MQ were measured and an early lead chemotype was identified for further(More)
Drug therapy is the mainstay of antimalarial therapy, yet current drugs are threatened by the development of resistance. In an effort to identify new potential antimalarials, we have undertaken a lead optimization program around our previously identified triazolopyrimidine-based series of Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH)(More)
Malaria is one of the leading causes of severe infectious disease worldwide; yet, our ability to maintain effective therapy to combat the illness is continually challenged by the emergence of drug resistance. We previously reported identification of a new class of triazolopyrimidine-based Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH)(More)