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Results from retrospective studies on the relationship between cytochrome P450 (P450) 2B6 (CYP2B6) genotype and cyclophosphamide (CY) efficacy and toxicity in adult cancer patients have been conflicting. We evaluated this relationship in children, who have faster CY clearance and receive different CY-based regimens than adults. These factors may influence(More)
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified novel susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer. To follow up on these findings, and try to identify novel colorectal cancer susceptibility loci, we present results for GWAS of colorectal cancer (2,906(More)
How T cells regulate interleukin 4 (IL-4) expression is not completely understood. We show here that single-positive thymocytes express IL-4, but attenuate GATA-3 expression, recruit DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) to the Il4-Il13 locus and downregulate IL-4 expression as they mature into T cells. Type 2 polarization blocks Dnmt1 recruitment, enhances(More)
The extent to which DNA methylation contributes to proper regulation of murine T cell effector function is unclear. In this study, we show that in the absence of the maintenance DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1, silencing of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and IL-10 in CD8 T cells was abolished, and expression of these Th2 cytokines increased as much as 1000-fold compared(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity is associated with a lower incidence of colorectal cancer; however, the relationship of physical activity with colorectal cancer survival is not yet clear. We evaluated the association between prediagnostic physical activity and colorectal cancer survival, overall and accounting for tumor markers associated with colorectal(More)
Chemoprevention by isothiocyanates from cruciferous vegetables occurs partly through up-regulation of phase II conjugating enzymes, such as UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT). UGT1A1 glucuronidates bilirubin, estrogens, and several dietary carcinogens. The UGT1A1*28 polymorphism reduces transcription compared with the wild-type, resulting in decreased(More)
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism is essential for DNA synthesis, repair, and methylation. Perturbations in one-carbon metabolism have been implicated in increased risk of some cancers and may also affect inflammatory processes. We investigated these interrelated pathways to understand their relation. The objective was to explore associations between(More)
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can be converted to prostaglandins and leukotrienes. Oxygenation of omega-6 PUFAs generally results in the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, whereas oxygenated products of omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs generally have lower inflammatory activity. We hypothesize that elevated n-3 PUFA intakes from fish are associated(More)
The role of DNA methylation and of the maintenance DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1 in the epigenetic regulation of developmental stage- and cell lineage-specific gene expression in vivo is uncertain. This is addressed here through the generation of mice in which Dnmt1 was inactivated by Cre/loxP-mediated deletion at sequential stages of T cell development.(More)
BACKGROUND BRAF mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC) are disproportionately observed in tumors exhibiting microsatellite instability (MSI) and are associated with other prognostic factors. The independent association between BRAF mutation status and CRC survival, however, remains unclear. METHODS We evaluated the association between the BRAF c.1799T>A(More)