Karen Toney

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Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an enteroendocrine peptide that is released in response to luminal nutrients and has unique trophic actions in the gastrointestinal tract. These features suggest GLP-2 may be important in controlling intestinal adaptation. We examined the relationship over time of GLP-2 production and adaptation to intestinal resection,(More)
The interaction of four representative polyanions with parathyroid hormone (PTH) residues 1-84 has been investigated utilizing a variety of spectroscopic and calorimetric techniques. Each of the polyanions employed demonstrate enthalpically driven binding to PTH (1-84) with significant affinity. The polyanions heparin, dextran sulfate, phytic acid, and(More)
Immunoassays utilizing commercial kits designed for diagnostic use can be adapted and validated to meet Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) requirements to support pharmacokinetic (PK) studies. We illustrate in this paper a systematic approach for commercial kit evaluation and GLP-compliant method validation to establish selectivity, sensitivity, linearity,(More)
A simple scheme was developed for the rapid purification of antimicrobial peptides from the skin of Xenopus laevis. An extract of the frog skin was prepared using an acidic medium designed to maximize the solubilization of low-molecular-weight peptides. This extract was subjected to an enrichment procedure using C18 Sep Pak cartridges to yield a salt-free(More)
Guinea-pig ACTH has been found to be distinct from other mammalian ACTHs in having an alanine for proline substitution at position 24 and in having superagonist aldosterone-stimulating activity relative to synthetic ACTH(1-24) in an isolated rat glomerulosa cell bioassay. We have purified ACTH from extracts of guinea-pig anterior pituitary and confirmed its(More)
The joining peptide (JP) portion of pro-opiomelanocortin extracted from mouse pituitary glands has previously been shown to exist in one major and several distinct minor forms (Bennett, H. P. J. (1986) Peptides 7, 614-622). We now confirm the heterogeneous nature of JP extracted from mouse neurointermediate pituitary glands and show that similar forms of JP(More)
A simple scheme for the rapid and efficient isolation of rat pro-atrial natriuretic factor (pro-ANF) has been developed. An isolated rat adrenal cell bioassay for ANF was established to optimize heart tissue extraction and chromatography conditions. This assay is based on the ability of ANF to inhibit angiotensin II-stimulated aldosterone secretion. IC50(More)
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