Karen Springer

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Binding of virus particles to specific host cell surface receptors is known to be an obligatory step in infection even though the molecular basis for these interactions is not well characterized. The crystal structure of the adenovirus fiber knob domain in complex with domain I of its human cellular receptor, coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), is(More)
The extracellular region of the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is predicted to consist of two immunoglobulin (Ig)-related structural domains. We expressed the isolated CAR amino-terminal domain (D1) and a CAR fragment containing both extracellular Ig domains (D1/D2) in Escherichia coli. Both D1 and D1/D2 formed complexes in vitro with the(More)
Folding of the human coxsackie and adenovirus receptor immunoglobulin (Ig) variable-type domain (CAR D1) during overexpression in the Escherichia coli cytoplasm was shown previously to be partially rescued by fusion to a 22-residue C-terminal peptide. Here, peptide sequence features required for solubilization and folding of CAR D1 and similar Ig(More)
The interactions between ligands containing the recognition sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) and integrin receptors are important in many cell-cell and cell-protein interactions. The platelet contains five integrin receptors and they contribute significantly to platelet adhesion and aggregation. To investigate the RGD binding domains on(More)
Hantaviruses infect human endothelial and immune cells, causing two human diseases, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). We have identified key signaling elements termed immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) within the G1 cytoplasmic tail of all HPS-causing hantaviruses. ITAMs direct(More)
Peptides containing sequences derived from the new NH2 terminus of the seven-transmembrane domain thrombin receptor after thrombin cleavage can activate platelets directly. We recently demonstrated that such peptides are readily cleaved and inactivated by plasma, serum, and endothelial cell-associated aminopeptidase M. The rapid degradation and inactivation(More)
The accessibility of activated GPIIb/IIIa receptors on the luminal surface of platelets adherent to damaged blood vessels or atherosclerotic plaques is likely to play a crucial role in subsequent platelet recruitment. To define better the factors involved in this process, we developed a functional assay to assess the presence of activated, luminal(More)
In an attempt to overcome the limitations and drawbacks of using fresh platelets for transfusion therapy of thrombocytopenic patients, we have performed in vitro experiments on an autologous, semi-artificial alternative to platelet transfusions. Based on our previous studies of the interactions of unactivated and activated platelets with beads coated with(More)
Peptides derived from the recently identified thrombin receptor were tested for their ability to induce platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma. The 14 amino acid peptide identified as the new N-terminus after thrombin cleavage (T-14) and an 11 amino acid peptide (T-11) lacking the 3 C-terminal amino acids of T-14 were studied. Both induced platelet(More)
The knob domains from the fiber proteins of adenovirus serotypes 2 and 12 were labeled with radioiodine and then injected into the bloodstreams of mice. Knob proteins with functional binding sites for the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) were cleared rapidly from the circulation, with radioactivity appearing predominantly in the stomach, while knob(More)