Karen Snow Kaiser

Learn More
BACKGROUND Despite current recommendations for women to be screened for breast cancer with mammography every 1 to 2 years, less than half of all newly diagnosed breast cancers are initially detected through screening mammography. Prompt medical attention to a new breast symptom can result in earlier stage at diagnosis, yet many patients delay seeking(More)
For qualitative researchers, maintaining respondent confidentiality while presenting rich, detailed accounts of social life presents unique challenges. These challenges are not adequately addressed in the literature on research ethics and research methods. Using an example from a study of breast cancer survivors, I argue that by carefully considering the(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate assessment in hospice patients who cannot communicate their pain is almost impossible, increasing their risk for unrecognized and inadequately managed pain. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to describe a series of small-scale projects aimed at developing and refining an instrument to assess acute pain in noncommunicative(More)
Research shows that African Americans tend to have poorer and less informative patient-physician communication than Whites. We analyzed survey data from 248 African American and 244 White cancer patients to examine whether this disadvantage could be explained by race variability on several other variables commonly reported to affect communication. These(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-organ chronic autoimmune disease that can negatively affect patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study evaluated HRQOL of SLE patients using questionnaires from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QoL).(More)
Black women face the greatest breast cancer mortality burden of any racial or ethnic group in the United States. Breast cancer disparity is particularly pronounced in Chicago, where Black women were 62 percent more likely to die of breast cancer than their White counterparts in 2007. No work to date has examined views of disparity among a population living(More)
We examined the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and pain experiences of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and assessed content validity of existing patient-reported pain items for patients with HCC. Semi-structured interviews to elicit symptoms, side effects and concerns were conducted with ten patients with HCC. Symptom and side effect(More)
Palliative care patients who have pain are often unable to self-report their pain, placing them at increased risk for underrecognized and undertreated pain. Use of appropriate pain assessment tools significantly enhances the likelihood of effective pain management and improved pain-related outcomes. This paper reviews selected tools and provides palliative(More)
Despite demonstrated efficacy, acceptance of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), such as tamoxifen, for breast cancer risk reduction remains low. Delivering SERMs via local transdermal therapy (LTT) could significantly reduce systemic effects and therefore may increase acceptance. We aim to assess women’s knowledge of breast cancer prevention(More)