Karen S. Pavur

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Recently we identified a new class of protein kinases with a novel type of catalytic domain structurally and evolutionarily unrelated to the conventional eukaryotic protein kinases. This new class, which we named alpha-kinases, is represented by eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase and the Dictyosteliummyosin heavy chain kinases. Here we cloned, sequenced,(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by retrograde axonal degeneration that primarily affects long spinal neurons. The disease is clinically heterogeneous, and there are >20 genetic loci identified. Here, we show a physical interaction between spastin and atlastin, two autosomal dominant HSP gene(More)
Colin Blakemore What is your advice to a neuroscience PhD student? Think long and hard about whether you want to commit yourself to a career in scientific neuroscience. There are limited resources, grants, jobs and ideas. The sort of people who can’t live without research are the sort of people who will have the enthusiasm to continue. Also, it is very easy(More)
Elongation factor-2 kinase (eEF-2K) is a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase that phosphorylates and inactivates eEF-2 and that can regulate the rate of protein synthesis at the elongation stage. Here we report that a slight decrease in pH, within the range observed in vivo, leads to a dramatic activation of eEF-2K. The activity of eEF-2K in mouse(More)
The several hundred members of the eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily characterized to date share a similar catalytic domain structure, consisting of 12 conserved subdomains. Here we report the existence and wide occurrence in eukaryotes of a protein kinase with a completely different structure. We cloned and sequenced the human, mouse, rat, and(More)
Prothymosin alpha is a small, acidic, essential nuclear protein that plays a poorly defined role in the proliferation and survival of mammalian cells. Recently, Vega et al. proposed that exogenous prothymosin alpha can specifically increase the phosphorylation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF-2) in extracts of NIH3T3 cells (Vega, F. V., Vidal, A.,(More)
A new class of eukaryotic protein kinases that are not homologous to members of the serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinase superfamily was recently identified [Futey, L. M., et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 523-529; Ryazanov, A. G., et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 4884-4889]. This class includes eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase,(More)
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