Karen S Macmillan

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An in vivo screen was performed in search of chemicals capable of enhancing neuron formation in the hippocampus of adult mice. Eight of 1000 small molecules tested enhanced neuron formation in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. Among these was an aminopropyl carbazole, designated P7C3, endowed with favorable pharmacological properties. In vivo(More)
The Ebola virus (EBOV) genome only encodes a single viral polypeptide with enzymatic activity, the viral large (L) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase protein. However, currently, there is limited information about the L protein, which has hampered the development of antivirals. Therefore, antifiloviral therapeutic efforts must include additional targets such as(More)
Degeneration of the hippocampus is associated with Alzheimer's disease and occurs very early in the progression of the disease. Current options for treating the cognitive symptoms associated with Alzheimer's are inadequate, giving urgency to the search for novel therapeutic strategies. Pharmacologic agents that safely enhance hippocampal neurogenesis may(More)
17-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) inhibits the activity of Hsp90, an important target for treatment of cancers. In an effort to identify analogues of geldanamycin (GDM) with properties superior to those of 17-AAG, we synthesized C-11 modified derivatives of GDM including ethers, esters, carbazates, ketones, and oximes and measured their(More)
Chemobiosynthesis (J. R. Jacobsen, C. R. Hutchinson, D. E. Cane, and C. Khosla, Science 277:367-369, 1997) is an important route for the production of polyketide analogues and has been used extensively for the production of analogues of 6-deoxyerythronolide B (6-dEB). Here we describe a new route for chemobiosynthesis using a version of 6-deoxyerythronolide(More)
The design, synthesis, and evaluation of a predictably more potent analogue of CC-1065 entailing the substitution replacement of a single skeleton atom in the alkylation subunit are disclosed and were conducted on the basis of design principles that emerged from a fundamental parabolic relationship between chemical reactivity and cytotoxic potency.(More)
A systematic examination of the impact of the yatakemycin left and right subunits and their substituents is detailed along with a study of its unique three subunit arrangement (sandwiched vs extended and reversed analogues). The examination of the ca. 50 analogues prepared illustrate that within the yatakemycin three subunit structure, the subunit(More)