Karen Pollock

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We have examined the toxicity of over twenty antibiotics to protoplast-derived cells of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. The least toxic antibiotics are the betalactams: ampicillin, carbenicillin and the cephalosporins can be used to provide broad spectrum antimicrobial activity without significant toxicity to plant cells. Similar broad spectrum activity can also(More)
Soluble CD23 (sCD23) has been proposed to play an important role in the up-regulation of immunoglobulin E (IgE) synthesis. Production of sCD23 is dependent on the proteolytic cleavage of membrane CD23, but the protease(s) involved in this process remain unknown. Preliminary data, obtained by testing a panel of protease inhibitors, suggested that this enzyme(More)
The effect of differentiation on FMLP-stimulated InsP production and G-protein expression was investigated in U937 monocytes. FMLP (0.01-10 microM) stimulated [3H]InsP production in dimethyl sulphoxide-differentiated, but not in immature, U937 cells. Ionomycin (1 and 10 microM) stimulated [3H]InsP production equally well in both cell types. The FMLP(More)
In this paper we describe procedures for transforming micro colonies derived from mesophyll protoplasts of Petunia hybrida with Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The method is efficient, up to 70% of the colonies were transformed, and we used a similar method to transform cells from a suspension culture of haploid Nicotiana plumbaginifolia.
In cereals and some legumes the aleurone layer is a site of synthesis of enzymes which mobilize endosperm reserves. It has been established whether or not the aleurone cells of the seed endosperm of Cyamopsis tetragonaloba are a site of synthesis of α-galactosidase. The isolation and cultivation of aleurone cells demonstrated that they contain mRNA which(More)
DMSO differentiated U937 cells responded to 10(-6) M LTD4, LTB4 and FMLP with an increase in both InsP formation and [Ca2+]i. FMLP caused a greater rise in InsPs than either LTD4 or LTB4, which were equivalent. LTD4, however, caused a greater increase in [Ca2+]i than LTB4 (4-fold) or FMLP. The FMLP [Ca2+]i and InsP responses were abolished by pertussis(More)
A component of erythrocyte-conditioned medium has been shown to inhibit the incorporation of tritiated thymidine into erythroblasts from fetal mouse liver, proliferating in vitro. This component, however, has no detectable effect on the growth of colonies of erythroid cells stimulated to grow in viscous culture media by the hormone erythropoietin.(More)
The selective enzyme inhibitors genistein and Ro 31-8220 were used to assess the importance of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and protein kinase C (PKC), respectively, in N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) induced generation of superoxide anion and thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) in guinea-pig alveolar macrophages (AM). Genistein (3-100 muM) dose(More)