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Postnatal glutamatergic principal neuron synapses are typically presumed to express only calcium-impermeable (CI), GluR2-containing AMPARs under physiological conditions. Here, however, we demonstrate that long-term potentiation (LTP) in CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons causes rapid incorporation of GluR2-lacking calcium-permeable (CP)-AMPARs: CP-AMPARs(More)
Medulloblastomas and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors are aggressive childhood tumors. We report our findings using array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on a whole-genome BAC/PAC/cosmid array with a median clone separation of 0.97 Mb to study 34 medulloblastomas and 7 supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Array CGH allowed(More)
Histopathologic grading of astrocytic tumors based on current WHO criteria offers a valuable but simplified representation of oncologic reality and is often insufficient to predict clinical outcome. In this study, we report a new astrocytic tumor microarray gene expression data set (n = 65). We have used a simple artificial neural network algorithm to(More)
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors of childhood, accounting for over 20% of cancers in children under 15 years of age. Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs), World Health Organization grade I, are one of the most frequently occurring childhood brain tumors, yet little is known about genetic changes characterizing this entity. We have used microarray(More)
Astrocytic, oligodendroglial and mixed gliomas are the commonest gliomas in adults. They have distinct phenotypes and clinical courses, but as they exist as a continuous histological spectrum, differentiating them can be difficult. Co-deletions of total 1p and 19q are found in the majority of oligodendrogliomas and considered as a diagnostic marker and a(More)
OBJECTIVE Coarctation of the aorta is rarely associated with known gene defects. Blomstrand chondrodysplasia, caused by mutations in the parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1) is associated with coarctation of the aorta in some cases, although it is unclear whether PTHR1 deficiency causes coarctation of the aorta directly. The zebrafish allows the study of(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The zinc-finger transcription factor Krϋppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) transduces blood flow into molecular signals responsible for a wide range of responses within the vasculature. KLF2 maintains a healthy, quiescent endothelial phenotype. Previous studies report a range of phenotypes following morpholino antisense(More)
We have previously shown that the respiratory syncytial virus [RSV] can productively infect monocyte derived dendritic cells [MoDC] and remain dormant within the same cells for prolonged periods. It is therefore possible that infected dendritic cells act as a reservoir within the airways of individuals between annual epidemics. In the present study we(More)
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) causes annual epidemics of respiratory disease particularly affecting infants. The associated airway inflammation is characterized by an intense neutrophilia. This neutrophilic inflammation appears to be responsible for much of the pathology and symptoms. Previous work from our group had shown that there are factors within(More)
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