Karen Mellodew

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The ability to track stem cell transplants in the brain by in vivo neuroimaging will undoubtedly aid our understanding of how these cells mediate functional recovery after neural transplantation. One major challenge for the development and refinement of stem cell transplantation is to map the spatial distribution and rate of migration in situ. Here we(More)
Preferential migration of stem cells toward the site of a lesion is a highly desirable property of stem cells that allows flexibility in the site of graft implantation in the damaged brain. In rats with unilateral stroke damage, neural stem cells transplanted into the contralateral hemisphere migrate across to the lesioned hemisphere and populate the area(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are believed to repair brain damage primarily through cell replacement: i.e., the ability to regenerate lost neurons and glia in a site-specific fashion. The neural stem cell line, MHP36, has been shown to have this capacity, but we have little idea of the molecular mechanisms that control the differentiation of such cells during(More)
The expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens on the surface of cells is intimately linked to in vivo graft survival. It has been previously shown that the conditionally immortalized temperature-sensitive Maudsley hippocampal clone 36 (MHP36) neural stem cells show good long-term graft survival and do not elicit an acute immunological(More)
During brain development, the neuroepithelium generates neurons and glial cells. Proliferation and differentiation of neuroepithelial cells are controlled by a complex combination of secreted factors and more intrinsic or local mechanisms, such as lateral inhibition and asymmetric division. To obtain further insights into the signals governing(More)
Neural development and transplantation therapies in neurodegenerative disease share a particular feature. In both cases, undifferentiated neural precursor cells are required to differentiate into a range of neural cell types in a tissue-specific fashion. This similarity opens the possibility that the mechanisms that drive neural development play a similar(More)
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