Karen Marie Wolcott

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Enlimomab, a murine monoclonal anti-human intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 antibody, had a negative outcome in a multicenter acute-stroke trial. We did a bedside-to-bench study in standardized rat stroke models to explore mechanisms for these untoward results. METHODS After focal brain ischemia in Wistar rats and(More)
Here we show that distinct subpopulations of cells exist within traumatic human extremity wounds, each having the ability to differentiate into multiple cells types in vitro. A crude cell suspension derived from traumatized muscle was positively sorted for CD29, CD31, CD34, CD56 or CD91. The cell suspension was also simultaneously negatively sorted for(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to rescue enterocytes from hypoxia-induced apoptosis when given orally following hemorrhagic shock. In vitro models using an intestinal epithelial cell line (IEC-6) cultured with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) under low O2 conditions, to mimic intestinal conditions, show that these cells also undergo apoptosis, which can be(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether activated neutrophils play a major role in secondary tissue injury after resuscitation in trauma. We hypothesized that human neutrophil activation and adhesion vary, depending on the type and amount of resuscitation fluid used. SETTING University-based research facility. SUBJECTS Ten healthy adult volunteers. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple organ failure after serious injury or illness is a major determinant of mortality. An initial insult is believed to "prime" circulating neutrophils and induce systemic inflammation. Thereafter, a second insult will precipitate distant organ injury. The aim of these studies was to evaluate circulating neutrophil function after mesenteric(More)
Subpopulations of cancer cells with the capacity of generating solid tumors have been characterized. In various cancer types, including prostate cancer cells, a side population (SP) and CD133-expressing cells have been proposed as containing a population cancer cells with stem-like ability. Therefore the aim of this work was to determine, in prostate cancer(More)
B cells lacking individual NF-kappa B/Rel family members exhibit defects in activation programs. We generated small resting B cells lacking p65 or p50 alone, or lacking both p50 and p65, then evaluated the ability of these cells to proliferate, secrete Ig, and undergo Ig class switching. B cells lacking p65 proliferated well in response to all stimuli(More)
4-1BB (CD137) is induced on activated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and delivers a costimulatory signal upon binding the 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL) expressed on antigen-presenting cells. Induction of 4-1BB is dependent on activation via the T-cell receptor (TCR) and possibly CD28. It was previously demonstrated that both an in vivo protein (pneumococcal surface(More)
Cancer stem-like cells have been identified in both primary tumors and in cell lines and seem to have a high degree of inherent resistance to traditional chemotherapeutic agents. Relapsed cancers including neuroblastoma are generally chemotherapy-resistant and carry a very poor prognosis. We investigated the side populations of three pairs of neuroblastoma(More)