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Patients with bladder cancer are still requiring close follow up with frequent cystoscopies. This study aims to assess the FISH analysis, as a procedure capable of highlighting the hidden features of a tumor and helping to individualize treatment tactics. The bladder washings of 50 primary bladder cancer patients were taken prior to TURB and analyzed with… (More)
This case confirms the observation that urothelial carcinomas can secrete beta-hCG, and that beta-hCG can potentially be used as a marker of a patient's clinical response to treatment. Prospective studies are clearly warranted by these observations.