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Binding of ATP to the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) results in a more pronounced Ca(2+)release in the presence of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)). Two recently published studies demonstrated a different ATP sensitivity of IP(3)-induced Ca(2+)release in cell types expressing different IP(3)R isoforms. Cell types expressing mainly(More)
OBJECTIVE Controlled mechanical ventilation results in diaphragmatic dysfunction, and oxidative stress has been shown to be an important contributor to ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction. We hypothesized that the administration of an antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, would restore the redox balance in the diaphragm and prevent against the deleterious(More)
The type-3 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor is the major isoform expressed in 16HBE14o- cells from bronchial mucosa, representing 93% at the mRNA level as determined by ratio reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and about 81% at the protein level as determined with isoform-specific antibodies (Sienaert, I., Huyghe, S., Parys, J. B.,(More)
Mouse models of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) focus on airway inflammation and lung histology, but their use has been hampered by the lack of pulmonary function data in their assessment. Systemic effects such as muscle dysfunction are also poorly modeled in emphysematous mice. We aimed to develop a cigarette-smoke-induced emphysema mouse(More)
Submillimolar ATP concentrations strongly enhance the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-induced Ca(2+) release, by binding specifically to ATP-binding sites on the IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R). To locate those ATP-binding sites on IP(3)R1 and IP(3)R3, both proteins were expressed in Sf9 insect cells and covalently labeled with 8-azido-[alpha-(32)P]ATP.(More)
OBJECTIVE Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents are commonly used in the intensive care setting, but they have occasionally been associated with development of myopathy. In addition, diaphragmatic atrophy and a reduction in diaphragmatic force were reported after short-term controlled mechanical ventilation in animal models. We hypothesized that(More)
OBJECTIVE Short-term mechanical ventilation has been proven to reduce diaphragm force and fiber dimensions. We hypothesized that intermittent spontaneous breathing during the course of mechanical ventilation would minimize the effects of mechanical ventilation on diaphragm force and expression levels of transcription factors (MyoD and myogenin). DESIGN(More)
Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) is known to result in rapid and severe diaphragmatic dysfunction, but the recovery response of the diaphragm to normal function after CMV is unknown. Therefore, we examined the time course of diaphragm function recovery in an animal model of CMV. Healthy rats were submitted to CMV for 24-27 h (n = 16), or to 24-h CMV(More)
Ca2+ release from intracellular stores occurs via two families of intracellular channels, each with their own specific agonist: Ins(1, 4,5)P3 for the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor and cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) for the ryanodine receptor. We now report that cADPR inhibited Ins(1, 4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release in permeabilized A7r5 cells with an IC50 of 20 microM, and(More)
RATIONALE Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) has been shown to result in elevated diaphragmatic proteolysis and atrophy together with diaphragmatic contractile dysfunction. OBJECTIVES To test whether administration of leupeptin, an inhibitor of lysosomal proteases and calpain, concomitantly with 24 hours of CMV, would protect the diaphragm from the(More)