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PKC isoforms and CARMA1 play crucial roles in immunoreceptor-dependent NF-kappaB activation. We tested whether PKC-dependent phosphorylation of CARMA1 directly regulates this signaling cascade. B cell antigen receptor (BCR) engagement led to the progressive recruitment of CARMA1 into lipid rafts and to the association of CARMA1 with, and phosphorylation by,(More)
The recognition of antigen by B- or T-cell receptors initiates an intracellular signalling cascade that results in the nuclear translocation and activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). NF-kappaB is an important regulator of lymphocyte development and function, and its dysregulation is associated with many immune disorders.(More)
NF-kappa B signaling is required for the maintenance of normal B lymphocytes, whereas dysregulated NF-kappa B activation contributes to B cell lymphomas. The events that regulate NF-kappa B signaling in B lymphocytes are poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that PKC-beta is specifically required for B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated NF-kappa B activation. B(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2) is a crucial activation switch that initiates and maintains intracellular calcium mobilization in response to B cell antigen receptor (BCR) engagement. Although members from three distinct families of non-receptor tyrosine kinases can phosphorylate PLCgamma in vitro, the specific kinase(s)(More)
Phosphorylation of CARMA1 is a crucial event initiating the assembly of IkappaB kinase and JNK signaling complexes downstream of activated Ag receptors. We previously mapped three protein kinase C (PKC) target sites in murine CARMA1 in vitro, and demonstrated that mutation of two of these serines (S564 and S657) resulted in reduced NF-kappaB activation,(More)
Genetic mutations or engineered nucleases that disrupt the HIV co-receptor CCR5 block HIV infection of CD4(+) T cells. These findings have motivated the engineering of CCR5-specific nucleases for application as HIV therapies. The efficacy of this approach relies on efficient biallelic disruption of CCR5, and the ability to efficiently target sequences that(More)
Phenobarbital (PB) is a prototype for a class of agents that produce marked transcriptional activation of a number of genes, including certain cytochrome P-450s. We used transgenic mouse approaches and multiple gene reporters to assess the functional consequences of specific deletions and site-specific mutations within the 2.5kb 5'-flanking region of the(More)
The adaptor protein CARMA1 is required for antigen receptor-triggered activation of IKK and JNK in lymphocytes. Once activated, the events that subsequently turn off the CARMA1 signalosome are unknown. In this study, we found that antigen receptor-activated CARMA1 underwent lysine 48 (K48) polyubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation. The MAGUK(More)
Wnts are secreted ligands that activate several receptor-mediated signal transduction cascades. Homeostatic Wnt signaling through beta-catenin is required in adults, because either elevation or attenuation of beta-catenin function has been linked to diverse diseases. To contribute to the identification of both protein and pharmacological regulators of this(More)
To investigate molecular events regulating the transcription of genes inducible by phenobarbital, transgenic mouse strains were developed incorporating rat cytochrome P450 2B2 (CYP2B2) genes. Expression in mouse tissues was analyzed for two series of rat CYP2B2 gene constructs, of 19 and 39 kilobase pairs total length, each containing the entire coding(More)