Karen M Siegrist

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Terahertz (THz) spectroscopic investigations of condensed-phase biological samples are reviewed ranging from the simple crystalline forms of amino acids, carbohydrates and polypeptides to the more complex aqueous forms of small proteins, DNA and RNA. Vibrationally resolved studies of crystalline samples have revealed the exquisite sensitivity of THz modes(More)
High-resolution terahertz absorption spectra (0.06-3 THz) have been obtained at 4.2 K for three crystalline forms of trialanine [H2+-(Ala)3-O-]. The crystal structures differ in their beta-sheet forms (parallel vs antiparallel) and in their water composition (hydrated vs dehydrated antiparallel beta-sheet). The spectra are nearly vibrationally resolved,(More)
Vibrationally state-resolved THz spectra are obtained at cryogenic temperatures for three crystalline peptide-water systems that represent different structural motifs. The systems include two types of secondary structures and a hydrophobic peptide nanopore structure. Almost all of these systems are shown to undergo exchange with water at room temperature(More)
Terahertz (THz) spectroscopic investigations of crystalline dipeptide nanotubes are discussed in the frequency region from 0.6 (2 cm(-1)) to 3 THz (100 cm(-1)). The THz region provides access to collective modes of biomolecular systems and is therefore sensitive to the large scale motions important for understanding the impact of environmental stimuli in(More)
Terahertz (THz) vibrational modes are characterized by nonlocal, collective molecular motions which are relevant to conformational changes and molecular functions in biological systems. We have investigated the THz spectra of a set of small bionanotubes which can serve as very simple models of membrane pores, and have examined the character of the THz modes(More)
This paper presents the first, to our knowledge, direct measurement of aerosol produced by an aluminized solid rocket propellant (SRP) fire on the ground. Such fires produce aluminum oxide particles small enough to loft high into the atmosphere and disperse over a wide area. These results can be applied to spacecraft launchpad accidents that expose(More)
Photoelectron emission microscopy ~PEEM! has been used to investigate simple device structures buried under ultrathin oxides. In particular, we have imaged Au–SiO2 and p-type Si–SiO2 structures and have demonstrated that PEEM is sensitive to these buried structures. Oxide overlayers ranging up to 15.3 nm were grown by systematically varying the exposure(More)
We present a model that describes doping-induced contrast in photoelectron emission microscopy by including the effect of surface state distributions and doping-induced band gap reduction. To quantify the contrast, the photoyield from the valence band for near-threshold photoemission is calculated as a function of p-type doping concentration in Si~001!.(More)
To develop a deeper understanding of the optical signatures of both biological aerosols and potential interferents, we made field measurements of optical cross sections and compared them to model-based predictions. We measured aerosol cross sections by conducting a hard-target calibration of a light detection and ranging system (LIDAR) based on the(More)
A non-destructive technique for obtaining voltage contrast information with photoelectron emission microscopy is described. Samples consisting of electrically isolated metal lines were used to quantify voltage contrast in photoelectron emission microscopy. The voltage contrast behaviour is characterized by comparing measured voltage contrast with calculated(More)