Karen M. Moritz

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Prenatal exposure to high levels of alcohol is strongly associated with poor cognitive outcomes particularly in relation to learning and memory. It is also becoming more evident that anxiety disorders and anxiety-like behaviour can be associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. This study used a rat model to determine if prenatal exposure to a relatively(More)
Recent studies have linked fetal exposure to a suboptimal intrauterine environment with adult hypertension. The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to see whether cortisol treatment administered to the ewe for 2 days at 27 days of gestation (term approximately 150 days) resulted in high blood pressure in offspring; 2) to study the effect of the same(More)
Adverse exposures in utero have long been linked with an increased susceptibility to adult cardio-renal and metabolic diseases. Clear gender differences exist, whereby growth-restricted females, although exhibiting some phenotypic modifications, are often protected from overt disease outcomes. One of the greatest physiological challenges facing the female(More)
Uteroplacental insufficiency in the rat restricts fetal growth, impairs mammary development, compromising postnatal growth; and increases adult BP. The roles of prenatal and postnatal nutritional restraint on later BP and nephron endowment in offspring from mothers that underwent bilateral uterine vessel ligation (restricted) on day 18 of pregnancy were(More)
Ovine fetuses exposed to high concentrations of synthetic (dexamethasone, D) or naturally occurring glucocorticoids (cortisol, F) in utero during early gestation develop high blood pressure in adulthood. To investigate potential mechanisms involved, we examined the role of the renal renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Ewes were infused with isotonic saline (S,(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are critical for cardiovascular physiology. Cardiac cells express >100 nonchemosensory GPCRs, indicating that important physiological and potential therapeutic targets remain to be discovered. Moreover, there is a growing appreciation that members of the large, distinct taste and odorant GPCR families have specific(More)
The results from numerous epidemiological studies suggested that there was a link between low birth weight (low for gestational age) and development of high blood pressure in adulthood. More recently, it has been shown that one important determinant is the early exposure of the developing fetus to excess glucocorticoid (GC). Hypertension develops in adult(More)
We investigated the effects of maternal glucocorticoid exposure in the spiny mouse, a precocial species with a relatively long gestation, few offspring, and in which nephrogenesis is complete before birth. We hypothesized that exposure of the fetus to glucocorticoids before the formation of glomeruli would result in adult hypertensive offspring with fewer(More)
The spiny mouse is relatively mature at birth. We hypothesized that like other organs, the kidney may be more developed in the spiny mouse at birth, than in other rodents. If nephrogenesis is complete before birth, the spiny mouse may provide an excellent model with which to study the effects of an altered intrauterine environment on renal development. Due(More)
Hydranencephaly is defined as the replacement of a previously normal brain, in whole or in part, by membranous fluid-filled sacs. The etiology is not well understood, and the time course of development is unknown. Fifteen ovine fetuses were chronically cannulated and had both carotid arteries ligated at 100 days of gestation (term is 145-150 days). They(More)