Learn More
Maternal hypoxia is a common perturbation that can disrupt placental and thus fetal development, contributing to neonatal impairments. Recently, evidence has suggested that physiological outcomes are dependent upon the sex of the fetus, with males more susceptible to hypoxic insults than females. This study investigated the effects of maternal hypoxia(More)
Recent studies have linked fetal exposure to a suboptimal intrauterine environment with adult hypertension. The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to see whether cortisol treatment administered to the ewe for 2 days at 27 days of gestation (term approximately 150 days) resulted in high blood pressure in offspring; 2) to study the effect of the same(More)
Ovine fetuses exposed to high concentrations of synthetic (dexamethasone, D) or naturally occurring glucocorticoids (cortisol, F) in utero during early gestation develop high blood pressure in adulthood. To investigate potential mechanisms involved, we examined the role of the renal renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Ewes were infused with isotonic saline (S,(More)
It is well established that erythropoiesis occurs first in the yolk sac, then in the liver, subsequently moving to the bone marrow and, in rodents, the spleen during development. The origin of the erythropoietic precursors and some factors suggested to be important for the changing location of erythropoiesis are discussed in this review. Until recently, the(More)
We have shown that exposure of pregnant ewes to dexamethasone (11.5 mg/d for 2 days) at 27 days of gestation (term, 150 days) led to increased blood pressure and cardiac output in adult offspring. In this study, we hypothesized that dexamethasone-induced hypertension is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and a reduced cardiac functional reserve(More)
Unilateral nephrectomy of the adult animal results in compensatory renal growth but does not involve formation of new nephrons. It is not clear whether compensatory growth can occur during the period of active nephrogenesis in utero and if so, whether more nephrons can be formed. Male ovine fetuses (n = 20) underwent unilateral nephrectomy (n = 10) or sham(More)
This review highlights the important roles the mesonephros may play in development. In the ovine fetus it is an excretory and endocrine organ and may contribute to the formation of normal gonads and adrenals. The metanephros of the ovine fetus has the important function of providing large quantities of dilute urine for the maintenance of amniotic and(More)
There are many reasons why it is timely to review the development of the mammalian kidney. Perhaps the most important of these is the increasing amount of evidence to demonstrate that factors which impinge on/alter the normal developmental processes of this organ can have lifelong consequences for the health of the adult. The'Developmental Origins of Health(More)
Recent studies have linked fetal exposure to a suboptimal intrauterine environment with adult hypertension. The aims of the present study were to see whether prenatal dexamethasone administered intravenously to the ewe between 26 to 28 days of gestation (1) resulted in high blood pressure in male and female offspring and whether hypertension in males was(More)
The complex role of the renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) in arterial pressure regulation has been well documented. Recently, we demonstrated that chronic low-dose angiotensin II (ANG II) infusion decreases arterial pressure in female rats via an AT(2)R-mediated mechanism. Estrogen can differentially regulate components of the RAS and is known to influence(More)