Karen M Kleman-Leyer

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To better understand the relationship between archaeal and eucaryal tRNA introns and their processing systems, we have cloned the gene encoding the tRNA intron endonucleases from the archaeon H. volcanii. The gene encodes a 37 kDa protein that appears to be present as a homodimer under native conditions. Recombinant forms of this protein were expressed in(More)
Enzymes that catalyse group transfer reactions comprise a significant fraction of the human proteome and are a rich source of drug targets because of their role in covalent regulatory cycles. Phosphorylation, glycosylation, sulfonation, methylation and acetylation represent some of the key types of group transfer reactions that modulate the function of(More)
ATP depletion and ADP formation are generic detection methods used for the identification of kinase and other ATP-utilizing enzyme inhibitors in high-throughput screening campaigns. However, the most widely used nucleotide detection approaches require high ATP consumption rates or involve the use of coupling enzymes, which can complicate the selection of(More)
Development of drugs targeting lipid kinases has been delayed by the lack of robust screening assays. Methods are needed that can accommodate the presentation of different acceptor substrates in the optimal lipid environment. The Transcreener ADP Assay relies on homogeneous immunodetection of adenosine diphosphate (ADP), using either fluorescence(More)
Methylation is a ubiquitous covalent modification used to control the function of diverse biomolecules including hormones, neurotransmitters, xenobiotics, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. Histone methyltransferases (HMTs) are currently of high interest as drug targets because of their role in epigenetic regulation; however, most HMT assay methods are(More)
Screening of AMP- and GMP-producing enzymes such as phosphodiesterases (PDEs), ligases, and synthetases would be simplified by the ability to directly detect unmodified nucleoside monophosphates. To address this need, we developed polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies that recognize AMP and GMP with nanomolar sensitivity and high selectivity vs. the(More)
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