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The inflammatory pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is now well-established, owing to in vitro and in vivo studies and the application of high sensitivity assays for C-reactive protein (CRP) in the general population and specific groups at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In view of the complexity of inflammation-induced atherosclerosis, the rationale(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the association of body mass index (BMI) with modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS BMI, disease activity, selected CVD risk factors and CVD medication were assessed in 378 (276 women) patients with RA. Patients exceeding accepted thresholds in >or=3 CVD risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether body mass index (BMI) and body fat (BF) differ between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, patients with non-inflammatory arthritis (osteoarthritis, OA) and healthy individuals, and whether disease specific measures of adiposity are required to accurately reflect BF in these groups. METHODS 641 individuals were assessed for(More)
This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of exercise interventions in improving disease-related characteristics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It also provides suggestions for exercise programmes suitable for improving the cardiovascular profile of RA patients and proposes areas for future research in the field. Six databases(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is partially attributed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors, which can be identified and managed based on risk stratification algorithms (Framingham Risk Score, National Cholesterol Education Program, Systematic Cardiovascular Risk Evaluation and Reynolds Risk Score). We aimed to (a) identify the proportion of(More)
INTRODUCTION The metabolic syndrome (MetS) may contribute to the excess cardiovascular burden observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The prevalence and associations of the MetS in RA remain uncertain: systemic inflammation and anti-rheumatic therapy may contribute. Methotrexate (MTX) use has recently been linked to a reduced presence of MetS, via an assumed(More)
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at high risk of cardiovascular events. Platelet biomarkers are involved in inflammation, atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Cardiovascular and RA-associated factors can alter the structure and function of platelets, starting from megakaryocytopoiesis. Reactive megakaryocytopoiesis increases circulating platelets(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with altered metabolism leading to muscle wasting. In the general population, cigarette smoking is known to affect body composition by reducing fat and inhibiting muscle synthesis. Even though smoking has been implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of RA, its possible effects on body(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the perceptions of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) about their health care provision in the United Kingdom. METHODS Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 women aged 26 to 68 years who were diagnosed with SLE one to 12 years earlier. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using(More)
OBJECTIVE RA associates with an increased rate of sudden cardiac death (SCD). A prolonged QTc interval has been associated with arrhythmogenic and SCD in patients with long QT syndrome. Despite the previously reported contemporary association of CRP with SCD, thus far no studies have examined the association of QTc with mortality in RA, a condition(More)