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In this study we provide evidence that the transcription factor BCL11B represses expression from the HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) in T lymphocytes through direct association with the HIV-1 LTR. We also demonstrate that the NuRD corepressor complex mediates BCL11B transcriptional repression of the HIV-1 LTR. In addition, BCL11B and the NuRD complex(More)
Loss of T cell homeostasis usually precedes the onset of AIDS. We hypothesized that rapid progressors may be transmitted with HIV-1 that is particularly able to perturb T cell homeostasis. To this end, we have tested two transmitted, syncytium-inducing (SI) viral isolates from a rapid progressor in two thymus models. One of the isolates (R3A) exhibited(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we examined the concentration of serum immunoglobulin free light chains (FLCs) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and investigated its association with various disease parameters in order to evaluate the role of FLCs as a potential biomarker in SLE. Furthermore, FLCs' association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies(More)
The roles of the HIV1 protein Vpr in virus replication and pathogenesis remain unclear. Expression of Vpr in dividing cells causes cell cycle arrest in G(2). Vpr also facilitates low titer infection of terminally differentiated macrophages, enhances transcription, promotes apoptosis, and targets cellular uracil N-glycosylase for degradation. Using(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Systemic lupus erythematosus is a complex human disease likely influenced by a compilation of necessary, but not individually sufficient, features. Although many genetic and environmental factors are associated, this review will focus on the evolving evidence for key Epstein-Barr virus specific roles. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies have(More)
Systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) are a group of connective tissue diseases with diverse, yet overlapping, symptoms and autoantibody development. The etiology behind SADs is not fully elucidated, but a number of genetic and environmental factors are known to influence the incidence of SADs. Recent findings link dysregulation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein gI is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein which is one component of the heterodimeric gE:gI Fc receptor complex. Like VZV gE, VZV gI was phosphorylated in both VZV-infected cells and gI-transfected cells. Preliminary studies demonstrated that a serine 343-proline 344 sequence located within the gI cytoplasmic tail(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is an extremely cell-associated alphaherpesvirus; VZV infection is spread almost exclusively via cell membrane fusion. The envelope glycoprotein H (gH) is highly conserved among the herpesviruses. A virus-encoded chaperone, glycoprotein L (gL), associates with gH, and the gH:gL complex is required for gH maturation and membrane(More)
How HIV replicates and causes destruction of the thymus, and how to restore thymic function, are among the most important questions of HIV-1 pathogenesis and therapy in adult as well as pediatric patients. The thymus appears to function, albeit at reduced levels, throughout the life of adults, to respond to T cell depletion induced by HIV and to be(More)
The SCID-hu Thy/Liv mouse and human fetal thymic organ culture (HF-TOC) models have been used to explore the pathophysiologic mechanisms of HIV-1 infection in the thymus. We report here that HIV-1 infection of the SCID-hu Thy/Liv mouse leads to the induction of MHC class I (MHCI) expression on CD4+CD8+ (DP) thymocytes, which normally express low levels of(More)