Karen M. Bussard

Learn More
PURPOSE In vivo studies have focused on the latter stages of the bone metastatic process (osteolysis), whereas little is known about earlier events, e.g., arrival, localization, and initial colonization. Defining these initial steps may potentially identify the critical points susceptible to therapeutic intervention. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN MDA-MB-435 human(More)
The skeleton is a common destination for many cancer metastases including breast and prostate cancer. There are many characteristics of bone that make it an ideal environment for cancer cell migration and colonization. Metaphyseal bone, found at the ends of long bone, in ribs, and in vertebrae, is comprised of trabecular bone interspersed with marrow and(More)
Breast cancer preferentially metastasizes to the skeleton, a hospitable environment that attracts and allows breast cancer cells to thrive. Growth factors released as bone is degraded support tumor cell growth, and establish a cycle favoring continued bone degradation. While the osteoclasts are the direct effectors of bone degradation, we found that(More)
The tissue microenvironment directs stem/progenitor cell behavior. Cancer cells are also influenced by the microenvironment. It has been shown that, when placed into blastocysts, cancer cells respond to embryonic cues and differentiate according to the tissue type encountered during ontological development. Previously, we showed that the mouse mammary gland(More)
Metastatic breast cancer cells co-opt the cells of the bone to increase their production of inflammatory cytokines. Here, we sought to identify key cytokines expressed by osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo in the presence of MDA-MB-231 metastatic breast cancer cells, including a bone-seeking variant. We hypothesized that osteoblast-derived cytokines increase(More)
The mammary gland is a unique organ that continually undergoes postnatal developmental changes. In mice, the mammary gland is formed via signals from terminal end buds, which direct ductal growth and elongation. Intriguingly, it is likely that the entire cellular repertoire of the mammary gland is formed from a single antecedent cell. Furthermore, in order(More)
The tumor microenvironment is a heterogeneous population of cells consisting of the tumor bulk plus supporting cells. It is becoming increasingly evident that these supporting cells are recruited by cancer cells from nearby endogenous host stroma and promote events such as tumor angiogenesis, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis, as well as mediate(More)
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. At present, the etiology of breast cancer is unknown; however the possibility of a distinct cell of origin, i.e. a cancer stem cell, is a heavily investigated area of research. Influencing signals from the tissue niche are known to affect stem cells. Literature has shown that(More)
During selective segregation of DNA, a cell asymmetrically divides and retains its template DNA. Asymmetric division yields daughter cells whose genome reflects that of the parents, simultaneously protecting the parental cell from genetic errors that may occur during DNA replication. We hypothesized that long-lived epithelial cells are present in immortal,(More)
Potentiation of the intrinsic pathway of human blood plasma coagulation in vitro by contact with a solid procoagulant surface leads to bolus release of thrombin (FIIa) in concentration proportion to the intensity of activation as measured by procoagulant surface area or energy (water wettability). This rather remarkable finding is confirmed using two(More)