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This paper presents MRI segmentation techniques to differentiate abnormal and normal tissues in Ophthalmology using fuzzy clustering algorithms. Applying the best-known fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering algorithm, a newly proposed algorithm, called an alternative fuzzy c-mean (AFCM), was used for MRI segmentation in Ophthalmology. These unsupervised(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether affording objects with different levels of functional support would have an impact on reaching performance in patients after cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and in adults who were neurologically intact. Reaching performance was quantitatively analyzed, using several kinematic variables. METHOD Two groups, 14(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of context on reaching performance in neurologically impaired and intact populations. Context was varied by the presence or absence of objects used to complete a task. DESIGN A counterbalanced repeated-measures design. SETTING A motor control laboratory in a university setting. PARTICIPANTS Fourteen persons with stroke(More)
Kohonen's self-organizing map is a two-layer feedforward competitive learning network. It has been used as a competitive learning clustering algorithm. In this paper, we generalize Kohonen's competitive learning (KCL) algorithm with fuzzy and fuzzy-soft types called fuzzy KCL (FKCL) and fuzzy-soft KCL (FSKCL). These generalized KCL algorithms fuse the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined, through kinematic analysis, the effect of occupational form on reaching performance. The hypothesis was that reaching performance would show an enhanced quality of movement in materials-based occupation (i.e., pick up a pencil and prepare to write one's own name) than in imagery-based occupation (i.e., pretend to pick up a(More)
Unilateral neglect is a common neurological syndrome resulting from right-hemisphere strokes and has important prognostic value for functional outcome. This article identifies three approaches to neglect rehabilitation that are based on right-hemispheric activation mechanisms: (a) the lateralized task approach, (b) the controlled sensory stimulation(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated (a) whether the kinematic profile of a reaching-for-an-object movement would differ depending on the goal of the reaching task and (b) the effect of task goal on attentional carryover. METHOD Twenty-four adults without disabilities performed a horizontal line bisection task under three conditions: (a) a natural condition(More)
In this article, we propose batch-type learning vector quantization (LVQ) segmentation techniques for the magnetic resonance (MR) images. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) segmentation is an important technique to differentiate abnormal and normal tissues in MR image data. The proposed LVQ segmentation techniques are compared with the generalized Kohonen's(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Current theories of motor control in rehabilitation focus on how the nervous system responds to many types of external and internal constraints to execute motor behavior to accomplish a task. However, the dynamic interplay between these 2 constraints remains unclear. This study examined the impact of some aspects of internal and(More)
INTRODUCTION Targeting the CD20 antigen has been a successful therapeutic intervention in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, in some patients with an inadequate response to anti-CD20 therapy, a persistence of CD20- plasmablasts is noted. The strong expression of CD319 on CD20- plasmablast and plasma cell populations in RA synovium led to(More)